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Heat Exchange with the Environment

  • Herbert Precht
  • Jes Christophersen
  • Herbert Hensel
  • Walter Larcher

Abstract

Under equilibrium heat flow conditions the amount of heat formed in the body per unit time is equal to the amount given off from the body surface, the temperature field within the body remaining constant over that time. For homeothermal organisms however this is true only for integrated values over longer periods, while the instantaneous values are in equilibrium only in most unusual circumstances. Usually the heat content of the body fluctuates widely as a result of accumulation and discharge of heat and of changes in the temperature field. The heat content of individual humans (specific heat of the body = 0.83 cal g−1 °C−1) may change by as much as several hundred kcal.

Keywords

Skin Temperature Heat Flux Density Thermal Comfort Sweat Gland Respiratory Frequency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin · Heidelberg 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Precht
    • 1
  • Jes Christophersen
    • 2
  • Herbert Hensel
    • 3
  • Walter Larcher
    • 4
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut der UniversitätKielFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Fachgruppe LebensmitteltechnologieUniversität HohenheimStuttgart 70Federal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.Institut für Physiologie der UniversitätMarburgFederal Republic of Germany
  4. 4.Institut für Allgemeine Botanik der UniversitätInnsbruckAustria

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