• T. M. Barratt
  • D. Innes Williams
Part of the Handbuch der Urologie / Encyclopedia of Urology book series (HDBUROL, volume 15 / 1)


Both the incidence and clinical characteristics of urinary calculi vary greatly from one part of the world to another and from one historical period to the next. Although this variation is seen in adult disease it is even more evident in paediatrics, and recent contributions on the subject from different countries emphasise this wide range (Andersen, 1969; Aurora et al., 1970; Heras Perez, 1969; Lennert, 1967; Strohmenger et al., 1970; Thompson et al., 1967 and Troup et al., 1972). It is, however, possible to discern three patterns of incidence, each with its characteristic predominant form of urolithiasis.


Uric Acid Calcium Oxalate Renal Calculus Renal Tubular Acidosis Urinary Calculus 
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  • T. M. Barratt
  • D. Innes Williams

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