Fish Ecology of the Red Sea and Persian Gulf

  • H. Steinitz
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 3)


Among the important factors of Red Sea and Persian Gulf ecology are the following:
  1. A.

    The Red Sea is a deep basin with warm surface-to-bottom water; it has an extremely shallow sill at the narrow southern entrance allowing very little exchange of water and creating, therefore, a largely separate water body; its geographical position and extension cause in a northward direction a declining temperature and an ascending salinity gradient in the surface water.

  2. B.

    The Persian Gulf is a shallow basin with no sill separating it from the open ocean; it has high temperature maxima and high salinities, but no prominent gradients have been observed.



Indian Ocean Deep Basin Chief Factor Littoral Species Shallow Basin 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1973

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  • H. Steinitz

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