Biogeographical Problems of the Red Sea Area Exemplified by Hydroids

  • H.-E. Schmidt
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 3)


There is at present very little information available concerning Red Sea faunistic regions; this makes it impossible to draw any certain conclusions about hydroid distribution. On the other hand, it becomes increasingly interesting to consider the origin of the species found in the Red Sea. A fair number of species recorded from there are widely distributed throughout the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean. They are restricted to tropical and subtropical waters or are cosmopolitans and could be divided into 3 groups: Indo-Pacific-Atlanto-Mediterranean (IPAM) species, Indo-Pacific (IP) species, and Atlanto-Mediterranean (AM) species.


Migration Europe Hull Hydroid 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.-E. Schmidt

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations