The Formation of the Chlorophyll Maximum in the Indian Ocean
A typical section of chlorophyll a distribution is shown in Fig. 1. As for the surface water, the amount of chlorophyll a was 0.1 mg m-3 in the nothern area and below 0.05 mg m-3 in the southern area. A distinct chlorophyll maximum was found in the layers at depths of 50 to 75 m in the north near the Equator (0.3–0.6 mg m-3), and at 100 to 125 m in the south (0.2–0.3 mg m-3). In this area the layer of the chlorphyll maximum was generally located in the upper part of the thermocline.
KeywordsIndian Ocean Particulate Organic Matter Particulate Organic Carbon Skeletonema Costatum Chlorophyll Maximum
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