Classification of Stratified Copper and Lead-Zinc Deposits and the Regularities of Their Distribution

  • Y. V. Bogdanov
  • E. I. Kutyrev
Conference paper
Part of the International Union of Geological Sciences book series (2817, volume 3)

Abstract

Confined to variegated carbonate-terrigenous formations, sedimentary copper deposits are subdivided into shallow-marine (Mansfeld), lagoon-deltaic (Dzhezkazgan, Udokan) and lacustrine-alluvial (Priuralye, the Colorado Plateau). Enclosed in grey carbonate formations, sedimentary lead-zinc deposits are confined to shallow-marine carbonate sediments (Mirgalimsay) and coastal-marine terrigenous — carbonate deposits (Sumsar, Uch-Kulach). The transgressive or regressive development of the paleobasin determines one or other type of the age migration of ore-bearing deposits and zoning of mineralization. The confinement of sedimentary copper and lead-zinc deposits to marginal parts of platforms, avlakogens, foredeeps and miogeosynclines is characteristic.

Igneous-sedimentary copper and lead-zinc are formed due to subfluvial, more rarely terrestrial acid and basic volcanic activity and in the distance of them.

Copper deposits are formed in connection: 1) with subfluvial acid and basic dacite and other formations; pyrite deposits of the South Urals, the North Caucasus; 2) with terrestrial basic and acid volcanism (paragenesis of basalt liparite and variegated formations; the Upper Lake and White Pine in the USA, the Minusinsk depression in the USSR).

Lead-zinc deposits are formed: 1) near the focuses of volcanic activity (liparite, andesite — dacite — liparite and other formations; the Ore Altay); 2) in a lateral (or some chronological) distance of the focuses of volcanic activity (siliceous — terrigenous — carbonate and other formations; Zhairem (Atasuy) etc. in Kazakhstan, Filischay in Aserbaijan, Rammelsberg and Meggen in Western Germany).

Keywords

Zinc Migration Sulphide Depression Siliceous 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. AMSTUTZ, G. C.: Bemerkungen zur Genese von kongruenten Blei-Zink-Lagerstätten in Sedimenten. “Ber. Geol. Ges.”, 8, Sonderh. I, p. 31–42 (1963).Google Scholar
  2. DUNHAM, K. C., ed.: The geology, paragenesis and reserves of the ores of lead and zinc. London (1950).Google Scholar
  3. POPOV, V.M.: Copper. In: “Metally v osadochnykh tolshchakh”. Izd-vo “Nauka”, Moscow, p. 3–68 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. POPOV, V.M.: Stratified lead-zinc deposits of Tien-Shan and Central Kazakhstan. Mater. VII. Vsesoyuzn. litol.Konf. (1965. g), Izd-vo “Nauka”, Moscow, p. 325–343 (1968).Google Scholar
  5. RUNDQUIST, D. V.: On study of phylogeny of economic minerals deposits. Zap. Vesesoyuzn. mineral, o-va, 97, 2, p. 191–209 (1968).Google Scholar
  6. SMIRNOV, V. I.: Sulphide ore formation in submarine volcanogenic geosynclinal complexes. In: “Rudonosnost vulkanogenykh formatsii”. Izd-vo “Nedra”, p. 30–34 (1965).Google Scholar
  7. STRAKHOV, N. M.: Types of lithogenesis and their evolution in the history of the Earth. Gosgeoltekhizdat. Moscow (1963).Google Scholar
  8. Strakhov, N. M.: On cognition of submarine volcanogenic-sedimentary rock genesis. In: “Vulcanogenno-osadochnye formatsii i poleznye iskopaemye”. Izd-vo “Nauka”, p. 11–43 (1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. V. Bogdanov
    • 1
  • E. I. Kutyrev
    • 1
  1. 1.All-Union Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI)LeningradUSSR

Personalised recommendations