Theta Functions from an Analytic Viewpoint

  • Jun-ichi Igusa
Part of the Die Grundlehren der mathematischen Wissenschaften book series (GL, volume 194)


Suppose that we have a measure space (X, dx). We recall that this is a pair consisting of a non-empty set X and a (countably additive) measure dx on X. We shall denote a general point of X by x and consider C-valued functions Φ(x), or simply Φ, on X. For 1 ≦ p < ∞ we shall denote by Lp(X) the set of Lp-functions on X, i.e., the set of measurable functions Φ on X such that |Φ(x)| p is integrable with respect to dx. The set Lp(X) forms a vector space over C. Moreover, if we define the Lp-norm ∥Φ∥p of Φ as $\|\Phi\|_p=({\mathop\int\limits_X}\mid\Phi(x)\mid^p\ dx)^{1/p},$ this has the usual properties of a norm, and it is invariant under complex conjugation. In particular, if we take ∥Φ1 − Φ2p the “distance” of two “points” Φ1, Φ2 of Lp(X), we get a metric space. We tacitly identify Φ1, Φ2 if ∥Φ1 − Φ2p = 0. The metric space Lp(X) is complete. If Φ is a bounded (continuous) function on X, we shall denote by ∥:∥ the uniform norm of Φ, i.e., the supremum of ∣Φ(x)∣ for all x in X. We shall consider mostly the space L2(X) and its subspaces. We recall that, for every Φ1, Φ2 in L2(X), Φ1(x) Φ2(x) is integrable with respect to dx, hence the scalar product: $(\Phi_1,\ \Phi_2)={\mathop\int\limits_X}\Phi_1(x)\overline{\Phi_2(x)}dx$ is well defined. This is C-linear in Φ1 and its complex conjugate is (Φ2, Φ1). In other words, L2(X) forms a Hubert space. We shall denote the L 2-norm simply by ∥ ∥; we have the Schwarz inequality: $\mid(\Phi_1,\ \Phi_2)\mid{\mathop <\limits_=}\|\Phi_1\|\|\Phi_2\|.$ if (Y, dy) is another measure space, we can define the product measure dxdy, or simply dx dy, on the product X × Y. If Φ(x, y) is an L1-function on X × Y with respect to dx dy, we have the Fubini theorem: $\mathop\int \limits_{X \times Y} \Phi(x, y)dx dy = {\mathop\int \limits_X}({\mathop\int \limits_Y} \Phi(x, y)dy)dx = {\mathop\int \limits_Y}({\mathop\int \limits_X} \Phi(x, y)dx)dy.$


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun-ichi Igusa
    • 1
  1. 1.The Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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