The atoms in the molecules of organic compounds are held together by attraction forces, which are generally known as covalent bonds. The attraction is due to a resonance phenomenon between the outer electrons of the atoms which occurs at a distance of the order of magnictude of 1Å and can be regarded as a continuous exchange of electrons (shared electron pair). This resonance has a corresponding sharply defined energy minimum with a maximum energy difference(potential well) of approximately 100kcal for the hydroden molecule, which one has to supply in order to split one molecule of hydrogen into two hydrogen atoms.
KeywordsBenzene Polyethylene Nylon Alginic Acid Chitin
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