Taste pp 31-50 | Cite as

Ultrastructure of Taste Receptors

  • Raymond G. Murray
Part of the Handbook of Sensory Physiology book series (SENSORY, volume 4 / 2)


The sense of taste is distributed over a large area within the oral cavity and pharynx (Kolmer, 1927), and although there are specific structures in some places which are known to mediate this sense, it is not known how large a part is played by less specific endings, von Békésy (1966), testing the response of individual fungiform papillae in man found the base of the papilla to be the sensitive region, while the anatomical evidence places the taste buds in these papillae on the upper surface (Kolmer, 1927). Baradi and Bourne (1953) have emphasized the possible role of intergemmai endings. The taste buds, however, have received nearly all the attention of morphologists and physiologists alike, and it is probable that the more specific and discriminating modalities of taste are served by these structures. This description, therefore, will be of taste buds in the three locations where they are most abundant, the vallate and foliate papillae, served by the IXth nerve, and the fungiform papillae served by the chorda tympani.


Basal Cell Synaptic Vesicle Nerve Ending Taste Receptor Gustatory Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin · Heidelberg 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond G. Murray
    • 1
  1. 1.BloomingtonUSA

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