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Zusammenfassung

Von den mannigfaltigen Funktionen der Haut ist es vor allem der Wärmeaustausch mit der Umgebung, der für die Zirkulation der Haut die bestimmende Größe ist. Die dazu erforderliche Durchblutung liegt in der Regel so hoch, daß die nutritiven Funktionen automatisch miterledigt werden können. Dieser Tatbestand ist ein Specificum der Haut. Für die übrigen Organe ist es eher umgekehrt, daß nämlich der Wärmetransport nebenbei mitbesorgt wird. Würde beispielsweise in einem inneren Organ der gesamte Sauerstoff des Blutes zur Verbrennung ausgenutzt, so würde die Wärmebildung nicht über 1 kcal/l, die Aufwärmung des Blutes also nicht über 1°0 hinaus ansteigen. Aufwärmungen dieses Umfangs können aber ohne weiteres toleriert werden. Bei der Blutverteilung innerhalb der Haut müssen allerdings die nutritiven Erfordernisse wieder Berücksichtigung finden.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1971

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  • K. Golenhofen

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