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Fetal- und Placentarkreislauf

  • W. Moll
  • H. Bartels

Zusammenfassung

Der Blutkreislauf bildet sich im frühen Embryonalstadium aus. Kurz vor dem Neurula-Stadium (beim Menschen am 19. Tag nach der Befruchtung) bilden sich Blutinseln, die innerhalb der nächsten 2 Tage miteinander zu kommunizieren beginnen. Am 24. Tag ist bereits ein geschlossener Kreislauf innerhalb des Embryos sowie der Dottersack- und der Chorionkreislauf ausgebildet (Abb.l). Die Ventrikel beginnen etwa am 22. Tag zu schlagen. Bei denjenigen Säugetieren, die eine Placenta ausbilden (Placentalia), wird der Dottersackkreislauf von der 4. Woche ab zurückgebildet. Der Chorionkreislauf (der spätere Placentarkreislauf) übernimmt allein den Stofftransport von der Mutter zum Embryo bzw. Feten und zurück.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1971

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  • W. Moll
  • H. Bartels

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