Wild Tomato (Solanum carolinense L.): Anther Culture and the Induction of Haploids

  • T. L. Reynolds
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 12)


Solanum carolinense L. (wild tomato), a member of the Solanaceae, is a herbaceous perennial of southeastern Canada and the central and eastern United States (Britton and Brown 1970). The plant reproduces vegetatively and sexually (Ilnicki et al. 1962), is armed with prickles, and has been designated one of the ten most troublesome pasture weeds in the southeastern United States (Smith and Calvert 1980). S. carolinense contains the alkaloids solanine and solanidine and has been used pharmacologically as a sedative and antispasmodic (Culbreth 1927). Extracts from the fruits have been shown to have antibacterial and antifungal properties, although the active constituents of the extracts are not known (Pitts et al. 1969). This plant has been used in my laboratory to study various aspects of regeneration and differentiation from androgenic and somatic tissues in culture (Reynolds 1984 a, 1986 a, b, c, 1987 a, b, 1989 a, b). This chapter summarizes the work on anther culture and the regulation of androgenesis in this system.


Anther Culture Callus Induction Medium Wild Tomato Bicellular Pollen Induction Haploid 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. L. Reynolds
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of North CarolinaCharlotteUSA

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