Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.): In Vitro Production of Haploids

  • N. E. Bohorova
  • A. I. Atanassov
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 12)


There are about 67 species of sunflowers, some of them with many varieties or races. Most of the species are confined to North America and grow in various habitats from deserts to marshy areas and from sea level to over 7000 km. The seeds are an important source of food, the flowers have inspired both poets and artists, and have ornamented our gardens. The cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus] L., 2n = 2× = 34 (familiy Compositeae) is one of the four most important annual crops grown for edible oil. Its oil is a high quality food oil and prospects are excellent for increased use in food fat products - cooking and salad oils


Anther Culture Pollen Mother Cell Shoot Organogenesis Helianthus Annuus Coconut Milk 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. E. Bohorova
    • 1
  • A. I. Atanassov
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of GeneticsBulgarian Academy of SciencesBulgaria
  2. 2.Central Laboratory of Genetic EngineeringAgricultural AcademyBulgaria

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