Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.): In Vitro Induction of Androgenesis

  • E. Milewska-Pawliczuk
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 12)


Success in obtaining haploids and doubling the number of chromosomes will make it possible to obtain genetically pure strains, which can be used in plant breeding. It is important to stress the significance of haploids with reference to heterozygotic allogamous plants to which fruit, and particularly Malus domestica Borkh., belong. It is very difficult to obtain pure strains by conventional methods, e.g., by self-pollination, and the duration of respective breeding programs is very long, sometimes decades. Obtaining haploids in such plants would shorten this period and obtain heterosis in varieties of apple. Lespinasse et al. (1983) have discussed the potential of apple haploids in detail.


Nutrient Medium Anther Culture Callus Tissue Callus Growth Haploid Plant 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Milewska-Pawliczuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant BiologyWarsaw Agricultural UniversityWarsawPoland

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