Modelling the Regional Economic Consequences of Environmental Policy Instruments Applied to the Transport Sector
There is a rapidly growing body of literature on the economics of environmental protection (see Turner et al. , 1994, for an overview) and considerable interest in the effects of economic instruments upon both the environment and economic activity is developing in both national and international organisations (OECD, 1991). In advanced countries the transport sector is one of the main contributors to environmental degradation, particularly atmospheric pollution. Pollution problems arising from transport are both global (C02 emissions) and regional and local, usually being concentrated in urban areas, and involving localised effects of such pollutants as ozone or S02.
KeywordsTransport Cost Trade Flow Private Consumption Transport Sector Vehicle Mile Travel
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Danmarks Statistik (1993) ADAM: en model af dansk økonomi. (ADAM: a model of the Danish economy. October 1991). Danmarks Statistik, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
- Jensen-Butler C.N., Bjarne Madsen (1995) A model of interregional trade flows in an inputoutput framework applied to an analysis of environmental regulation in the transport sector. Department of Political Science, University of Aarhus, Denmark. Forthcoming in Papers in Regional Science, 1996.Google Scholar
- Kim T.J. (1993) Short-term impact analysis of pricing strategies on VMT reduction. Unpublished paper, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Chicago Area Transportation Study.Google Scholar
- Madsen, B. (1991a) Rapport om AIDA-modellen (Report on the AIDA model). AKF, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
- Madsen, B. (1991b) Rapport om EMIL-modellen (Report on the EMIL model). AKF, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
- Madsen, B., Jensen-Butler, C.N. (1991) Regionale konsekvenser af den faste Storebæltsforbindelse mv. (The regional consequences of the Great Belt fixed link and related transportsystem investments). AKF, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
- OECD (1991) Environmental policy: How to apply the economic instruments. OECD, Paris.Google Scholar
- Pearce, D.W., Turner, R.K. (1990) Economics of natural resources and the environment. Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead.Google Scholar
- Turner, K, Pearce, D., Bateman, I. (1994) Environmental economics. Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempsted.Google Scholar
- Young, M.D. (1992) Sustainable investment and resource use. UNESCO, Paris.Google Scholar