Advertisement

Environmental Benefits from Export of Electricity from Non-fossil Sources in Scandinavia

  • Poul Erik Grohnheit
Conference paper

Abstract

Electricity generation from non-fossil sources covers 80-85% of the total electricity demand in the Nordic countries. Most of this is hydro power in Norway and Sweden, which is subject to substantial variations from year to year. Although traditional electricity planning has been based on an idea of national autarky, there has been a significant trade between the Nordic countries, mainly export of hydro and nuclear based electricity from Norway and Sweden to Finland and Denmark, and indirectly to Germany. Price differences and the development towards a more liberalized market lead to investment in more transmission capacity and a larger potential for export that will replace fossil fuels and thus emissions of S02, NOx, C02 and other pollutants.

Keywords

Nordic Country Electricity Demand District Heating Export Price Spot Price 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Coherance (1991) Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of C02 Reduction Options. Synthesis Report/ Country Reports (Report for the Commission of the European Communities, DG XII, JOULE Program. Models for Energy & Environment), Brussels.Google Scholar
  2. Ministry of Energy (1990) Energy 2000: A Plan of Action for a Sustainable Development, Copenhagen, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  3. Grohnheit, P.E. (1991) Economic interpretation of the EFOM model. Energy Economics, Vol. 13, No. 2, 143–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grohnheit P.E., Nielsen H.H. and Sorensen H. (1992) EF’s indre marked og nordisk energipolitik. (The European Internal Market and Nordic Energy Policy). Nordiske Seminar og Arbejdsrapporter 1992:561. Nordisk Ministerüd, Kobenhavn. Denmark.Google Scholar
  5. Grohnheit, P.E. (1993) Modelling CHP within a national power system. Energy Policy, Vol. 21, No. 4, 418–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grohnheit, P.E. and Olsen, O.J. (1994) The competitiveness of the Danish electricity supply in dustry in the European internal market for energy. IAEE 17th Annual Conference Energy Markets in Transition, Stavanger Norway, 25-27 May 1994. Conference Proceedings, Volume III.Google Scholar
  7. Schweppe, F.C., Caramanis, M.C. and Tabors, R.C. (1988) Spot pricing of electricity, Kluver Academic Press, Boston, USA.Google Scholar
  8. Vanlommel, G. (1992) Cost analysis and pricing policies of electricity generation and transmission with an application to Belgium, Universiteit Antwerpen. Universitaire Faculteiten Sint-Ignatius te Antwerpen. Faculteit Toegepaste Economische Wetenschappen, Antwerpen. Netherlands.Google Scholar
  9. Vanlommel, G. (1993) GATED, A model for price differences in the electric transmission system. Paper presented at the Nordic seminar “System models for the energy market and environmental consequences of new market conditions”Oslo, Norway, 1-2 November 1993.Google Scholar
  10. Voort, E. van der, Donni, E., Thonet, C., d’Enghien, E. Bois, Dechamps, C. and Guilmot, F. (1984) Energy Supply Modelling Package EFOM 12 C Mark I - Mathematical Description. CABAY, Louvain-la-Neuve, for the Commission of the European Communities.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Poul Erik Grohnheit
    • 1
  1. 1.Systems Analysis DepartmentRisø National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark

Personalised recommendations