Concomitant Alteration of Clay Minerals and Organic Matter During Burial Diagenesis



Georges Millot and his collaborators, in working on the genesis of clays during pedogenic or sedimentological evolutions, had no choice but to deal with diagenetic burial alteration to explain, in ancient sediments, the mineral assemblages which often constitute the source rocks of soils and sediments via erosion/alteration processes. Georges Millot claimed, in a famous shortcut, that any diagenetic alteration is characterized by a reduction of the number of argillaceous minerals to two types: micas and chlorites. This diagenetic evolution could even be delineated into stages in considering the clay mineral parageneses. On the basis of results obtained by Burst (1959), Weaver (1958) and Grim’s «school», Georges Millot emphasized the importance of argillaceous minerals in petroleum prospection, as well as lithostratigraphic markers in azoic series and evolution markers during burial diagenesis. Thus, he contributed to the creation of a scientific community providing thousands of studies in many basins of different ages, across the five continents.


Clay Mineral Source Rock Mixed Layer Maturation Stage Liquid Hydrocarbon 
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