Advertisement

The Worm at the Root: An Exploration of the British Welfare Case

  • Nicholas Deakin
Conference paper

Abstract

In contrast to some other contributors, who are presenting models of welfare in their countries, I am invited to consider “the British case.” This may be nothing more than a backhanded tribute to that celebrated British characteristic: pragmatism. But I suspect it would have greatly irritated William Beveridge. Whatever else you may say about the approach embodied in his report on social insurance, (and there have been a great many criticisms over the years, covering the whole spectrum from new right to feminist) it most certainly presented a coherent model. Indeed, it is possible to write the history of welfare in Britain over the last fifty years as a long retreat from the clarity of Beveridge’s model (cf. Hills et al., 1994). It is not for nothing that the periodic attempts to provide a consistent framework for new developments are regularly presented as a “new Beveridge” (Fowler, 1985; Borrie, 1994). It is also striking that we are currently in the middle of a series of (largely polemical) attempts to reinterpret Beveridge. This is not so much a reflection of the national mania for anniversaries, I suggest, as of a widespread perception that current policy and, indeed, practice on welfare lacks any focus or sense of direction. So, like the Michelin green guides, I start with un peu d’histoire.

Keywords

Labor Market Welfare State Economic Affair Postwar Period Welfare Expenditure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference

  1. Adam Smith Institute. 1994. The End of the Welfare State. London: Adam Smith Institute.Google Scholar
  2. Barclay, P. (chair). 1994. Inquiry into Income and Wealth Volume 1. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  3. Barnett, C. 1987. The Audit of War. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Beveridge, J. 1953. Beveridge and His Plan. London: Hodder and Stoughton.Google Scholar
  5. Beveridge, W. 1942. Social Insurance. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  6. Beveridge, W. 1948. Voluntary Action. London: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  7. Borrie, Sir G. (chair). 1994. Report of Commission on Social Justice. London: Vintage.Google Scholar
  8. British Social Attitude Surveys. 1984 to date. Social and Community Planning Research. Series one to eleven. Aldershot: Gower.Google Scholar
  9. Buchanan, J. 1975. The Limits of Libert. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  10. Burns, D. 1992. Poll Tax Rebellion. Stirling: AK Press.Google Scholar
  11. Butler, D., A. Adonis, and T. Travers. 1994. Failure in British Government: The Politics of the Poll Tax. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Campbell, B. 1992. Goliath. London: Virago.Google Scholar
  13. Cockett, R. 1995. Thinking the Unthinkable. London: Fontana.Google Scholar
  14. Deakin, N. 1987. The Politics of Welfare. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  15. Deakin, N. 1992. “William Beveridge and the Mixed Economy of Welfare.” Social Services Research(4): 35–42.Google Scholar
  16. Dennis, N., and G. Erdos. 1993. Families without Fatherhood. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  17. Esping-Andersen, G. 1990. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  18. Field, F. 1995. Making Welfare Work: Reconstructing Welfare for the Millenium. London: Institute of Community Studies.Google Scholar
  19. Fowler, N. 1985. Review of Social Security. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  20. Garnham, A., and E. Knights. 1994. Putting the Treasury First: The Truth about Child Support. London: Child Poverty Action Group.Google Scholar
  21. Gilmour, Sir I. 1992. Dancing with Dogma. London: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  22. Glennerster, H. 1995. The British Welfare State since 1945. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  23. Harris, J. 1977. William Beveridge. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  24. Hayek, F.A. 1973. Economic Freedom and Representative Government. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  25. Hills, J. 1990. The State of Welfare. Oxford: Claredon Press.Google Scholar
  26. Hills, J. 1993. The Future of Welfare: A Guide to the Debate. York: Joseph Rown-tree Foundation.Google Scholar
  27. Hills, J., et al. 1994. Inquiry into Income and Wealth. Volume 2. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  28. H.M. Treasury. 1993. Economic Briefing No. 5 (August).Google Scholar
  29. Her Majesty’s Stationary Office (HMSO). 1995. Social Trends 1995. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  30. Institute of Economic Affairs IEA. 1969. Towards a Welfare Society. The Report of an IEA Study Group. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  31. Jordan, B. 1995. “Are New Right Policies Sustainable? ’Back to Basics’ and Public Choice.” Journal of Social Policy 24(3): 363–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lafìtte, F. 1945. Britain’s Way to Social Security. London: Pilot Press.Google Scholar
  33. Lawson, N. 1992. The View from No. 11. London: Bantam Press.Google Scholar
  34. Le Grand, J., et al. 1993. Quasi-Markets and Social Policy. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  35. Le Grand, J., and R. Robinson (eds.). 1994. Evaluating the NHS Reforms. London: King’s Fund Institute.Google Scholar
  36. Lilley, P. 1993. The Growth of Social Security. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  37. Morgan, P. 1994. The Disinherited Family. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  38. Murray, C. 1990. The Emerging British Underclass. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  39. Murray, C. 1994. Underclass: The Crisis Deepens. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  40. Niskanan, W. 1971. Bureaucracy and Representative Government. Chicago: Aldene Atherton.Google Scholar
  41. Nolan, Lord (chairman). 1995. Report of Committee on Standards in Public Life. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  42. Prior, D., J.D. Stewart, and K. Walsh. 1993. Is the Citizen’s Charter a Charter for Citizens? London: Local Government Management Board.Google Scholar
  43. Prior, D., J.D. Stewart, and K. Walsh. 1995. Citizenship: Rights, Community and Participation. London: Pitman.Google Scholar
  44. Ridley, N. 1992. My Style of Government. London: Fontana.Google Scholar
  45. Rieger, E., and S. Leibfried. 1995. “Globalization and the Western Welfare State: An Annotated Bibliography.” ZeS-Arbeits-Papier 1/1995. Bremen: Centre for Social Policy Research.Google Scholar
  46. Seldon, A. 1977. Charge. London: Temple Smith.Google Scholar
  47. Taylor-Gooby, P. 1993. Social Theory Social Policy and Social Services. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
  48. Taylor-Gooby, P. 1994. “Taxing Time.” In: New Statesman and Society, 2.12.94.Google Scholar
  49. Ungerson, C. 1994. “Morals and Politics in Payments for Care.” In: A. Evers, et al., Payments for Care pp. 43–48. Aldershot: Avebury.Google Scholar
  50. Watson, G. (ed.). 1957. The Unservile State. London: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  51. Willetts, D. 1992. Modern Conservatism. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  52. Wistow, G., et al. 1994. Social Care in a Mixed Economy. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicholas Deakin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations