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Environmental Degradation in the South as a Cause of Armed Conflict

Chapter
Part of the International and European Environmental Policy Series book series (ENVIRONMENTAL)

Abstract

Human transformation of the environment is a significant cause of the emergence, continuation and escalation of conflicts between collective actors in economically emerging and politically unstable regions. Environmentally caused armed conflicts are manifestations of abortive socio-economic and political development. At the same time, the social and political outcomes of underdevelopment that can be traced to environmental degradation and resource overexploitation have become an intra- and inter-state security problem. Developmental and security dilemmas thus intertwine to become a complex of problems giving rise to environmentally conditioned armed regional conflicts of differing intensity and form. But apocalyptic scenarios of environmental disasters or alarming prognoses of global environmental wars are not tenable. Environmentally caused conflicts escalate across the threshold of violence only under certain socio-political conditions.

Keywords

Environmental Degradation Interregional Migration Environmental Conflict Environmental Refugee Transitional Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

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