Models use available information to select the major processes defining a particular system and to enable the estimation of the system’s response to changes. They can also assist in selecting the technology needed to solve a specific environmental problem, and in assessing the required level of treatment prior to discharge in order to restrict the damage to the environment to a tolerable level. The models’ advantage is their ability to examine a large number of alternatives at a lower cost and in shorter time than full scale experiments. Using models enables one to screen alternatives and thus to submit only the selected ones to full-scale experiments. The main disadvantage of models is the numerous assumptions that must be made in order to simplify the system.


Total Organic Carbon Faecal Coliform Thermal Stratification Indicator Bacterium Organic Matter Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

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  • Eran Friedler

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