Health and Treatment Requirements for Wastewater Irrigation

  • Hillel Shuval
  • Badri Fattal
Part of the Environmental Series book series (ESE)


Recycling and reuse of wastewater in agriculture can be a highly effective strategy for developing a sustainable water resource in water short areas, nutrient conservation, and environmental protection. However, it is essential to understand the health risks involved and to develop appropriate strategies for the control of those risks, including microbial guidelines for effluent quality, regulation of the types of crops to be irrigated by various irrigation techniques, and the treatment of the wastewater to an appropriate degree so as to control potential health risks both to the farmers and the consumers of crops from pathogenic microorganisms in the wastewater stream. This chapter will deal with the above questions with particular reference to the role of low cost hypertrophic stabilization ponds and reservoirs for wastewater storage and reuse.


Biochemical Oxygen Demand Faecal Coliform Negative Health Effect Treatment Requirement Wastewater Reuse 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hillel Shuval
  • Badri Fattal

There are no affiliations available

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