Advertisement

Wastewater Storage and Reuse for Irrigation in Israel

  • Gabi Eitan
Part of the Environmental Series book series (ESE)

Abstract

Water scarcity is a common concern in many arid and semi-arid countries. Shortage of water might be accompanied by groundwater contamination, public health threats, aquifer depletion and well abandonment. Solutions are expensive and may take a long time to achieve, but more immediate actions may also be undertaken: reduce water consumption through conservation, and increase the availability of water supply through wastewater reuse. The efforts invested in water reuse will preserve freshwater for potable uses.

Keywords

Activate Sludge Reclamation Project Water Reuse Settling Tank Wastewater Reuse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bielorai H, Vaisman I, Feigin A (1984) Drip irrigation of cotton with treated municipal effluents. 1: Yield response. J Environ Qual 13:231–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boaz M, Hausenberg I, Pozin Y (1976) Salinity survey in Israel. In: Dregne HE (ed) Managing saline water for irrigation. Proc Int Salinity Conf, Texas Tech College, Lubbock, pp 388–399Google Scholar
  3. Bolt G (1978) Transport and accumulation of soluble soil components. In: Bolt GH, Bruggenwert MGM (eds) Soil chemistry. A: Basic elements. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 126–140Google Scholar
  4. Bouwer H (1982) Wastewater reuse in arid areas. In: Middelbrooks EJ (ed) Water reuse. Science Publisher, Ann Arbor, pp 137–180Google Scholar
  5. Bouwer H, Idelovitch E (1987) Quality requirements for irrigation with sewage water. J Irrig Drain Div ASCE 113:516–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Broadbent F, Reisenauer H (1985) Fate of wastewater constituents in soil and groundwater: nitrogen and phosphorus. In: Pettygrove G, Asano T (eds) Irrigation with reclaimed municipal wastewater - a guidance manual. Lewis, Chelsea, pp 121–1216Google Scholar
  7. Chaney R (1989) Toxic element accumulation in soils and crops: Protecting soil fertility and agricultural food-chains. In: Bar-Yosef B, Barrow N, Goldshmid J (eds) Inorganic contamination of the vadose zone. Springer Ecol Stud 74:140-158Google Scholar
  8. Eitan G (1995) Wastewater treatment and reuse in Israel - 1994. Survey published by the Water Commission Jerusalem, 70 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Feigin A, Bielorai H, Dag Y, Kipnis T, Giskin M (1978) The nitrogen factor in the management of effluent-irrigated soils. Soil Sci 125:248–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Feigin A, Bielorai H, Shalhevet J, Kipnis T, Dag J (1979) The effectiveness of some crops in removing minerals from soils irrigated with sewage effluent. Prog Wat Technol 11:151–162Google Scholar
  11. Feigin A, Ravina I, Shalhevet J (1991) Irrigation with treated sewage effluent. Springer-Verlag. Adv Ser Agr Sci 17:224Google Scholar
  12. Hook J (1983) Movement of phosphates and nitrogen in soil following application of municipal wastewater. In: Neldon DW, Erick DE, Tanji KK (eds) Chemical mobility and reactivity in soil systems. Soil Sci Soc Am Madison Spec Publ 11:241-255Google Scholar
  13. Kardos L, Hook J (1976) Phosphorus balance in sewage effluent treated soils. J Environ Qual 5:87–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Keren R, Bingham F (1985) Boron in water, soils, and plants. Advances in soil science. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 229–276Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabi Eitan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations