Experiences Outside Israel

  • Marcelo Juanicó
  • Eran Friedler
Part of the Environmental Series book series (ESE)


Israel is today the leading country in the research and use of wastewater reservoirs, but wastewater reservoirs were neither invented in Israel nor is Israel the only country to use them. Other countries already used wastewater reservoirs much before their massive introduction in Israel in the seventies, and many countries continue or are starting to use them nowadays.


Hydraulic Retention Time Faecal Coliform Aerate Lagoon Batch Operation Effluent Quality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams V, Cleave M, Cofer J, Middlebrooks J (1983) Indian Creek Reservoir sediments. Wat Res 17(11)1709–1712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baozhen W (1987) Development of ecological waste water treatment and utilization syste ms(EWTUS) in China. Wat SciTech 19(1-2)51–63Google Scholar
  3. Berna L, Torrella F, Soler A, Saez J, Llorens M, Martinez I (1986) Estudio de la autode puracion microbiologica y fisico-quimica de las aguas residuales por lagunaje profundo. Anales de Biologia 10 (Biologia Genera 12):49–59Google Scholar
  4. Environment Canada (1985) Sewage lagoons in cold climates. Technical Services Branch, Environmental Protetion Service, Environment Canada, Report EPS 4/NR/1, 89 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. EPA (1975) Wastewater treatment ponds. EPA 430/9-74/001Google Scholar
  6. Feigner G, Sandring G (1983) Wastewater storage-away to ensure wastewater treatment and utilization over the wholeyear. Wasser wirtsch Wassertech, WWT, 33 (9):321–323(in German)Google Scholar
  7. Fuog R, Giberson K, Lawrence R (1995) Wastewater reclamation at Rancho Murieta, California; Golf course irrigation with upgraded pond effluent meeting California’s strictest requirements for wastewater reuse. Wat Sci Tech 31(12)1399–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Funderburg S, Moore B, Sorber C, Sagic B (1978) Survival of poliovirus in model wastewater holding ponds. Progr Wat Tech 10(3-6)1619–629, Discussion pp 1071-1072Google Scholar
  9. Frykberg W, Goodnight C, Meier P (1977) Muskegon, Michigan industrial-municipal wastewater storage lagoons, biota and environment. EPA-600/3-77-039, 78 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Frykberg W, Meier P, Goodnight C (1978) Storage lagoons come to life. Water Wastes Eng 15(9)1138–140Google Scholar
  11. Hatcher K (1980) Finding design criteria and operating schedules for a waste water storage pond. Procc Symp Surface Water Im pound, Univ Minnesota, vol II,pp 1209-1226Google Scholar
  12. Indelicato S, Barbagallo S, Cirelli G (1995) Change in waste water quality during seasonal storage. Procc Conf Natural and Constr Wetlands WW Treatment and Reuse, Perugia, pp 195–204Google Scholar
  13. Indelicato S, Barbagallo S, Cirelli G, Zimbone S (1996) Reuse of municipal waste water for irrigation in Italy. Procc 7th Internat Conf Water and Irrigat, Tel Aviv, pp 210-221Google Scholar
  14. Kott Y (1975) Wastewater conditioning for irrestricted irrigation. Technion, Lab of Environ Eng, Report 013-630, 50 pp ( in Hebrew)Google Scholar
  15. Kott Y, Ben-Ari H, Betzer N (1978) Lagooned, secondary effluents as water source for extended agricultural purposes. Wat Res 12:1101–1106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liran A (1990) The removal of indicator microorganisms in stabilization reservoirs as a function of the operational regime. MSc Thesis, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, 174 pp (in Hebrew)Google Scholar
  17. Libhaber M (1995) The treatment design of the Santiago Poniente treatment plant as a pilot plant. Proceedings of the Seminaron Sewage Treatment and Reuse, World Bank, Santiago de Chile, 120 pp (in Spanish)Google Scholar
  18. Liran A, Juanicó M, Shelef G (1994) Bacteria removal in a stabilization reservoir for was se water irrigation in Israel. Wat Res 28(6):1305–1314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Llorens M, Saez J, Soler A (1992) Influence of thermal stratification on the behaviour of a deep wastewater stabilization pond. Wat Res 26(5)1569–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Llorens M, Saez J, Soler A (1993) Primary productivity in a deep sewage stabilization pond. Wat Res 27(12)1779–1785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Middlebrooks E (1983) Municipal wastewater stabilization ponds-Design manual. EPA report EPA/625/1-83/015,326 ppGoogle Scholar
  22. Middlebrooks E (1990) Waste stabilization ponds. In: Reed S (chairman) Natural systems for waste water treatment. WPCF Manual of Practice FD-16, pp 159-185Google Scholar
  23. Middlebrooks E (1995) Upgrading pond effluents:An over view. Wat Sci Tech 31 (12)353–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Moreno D, Medina M, Moreno J, Soler A, Saez J (1988) Modelling the performance of deep waste stabilization ponds. Wat Resour Bull 24(2):377–87Google Scholar
  25. Mujeriego R, Sala L (1991) Golf course irrigation with reclaimed wastewater. Wat Sci Tech 24 (9) 161–172Google Scholar
  26. Pierce DM (1974) Performance of raw waste stabilization lagoons in Michigan with long period storage before discharge. In: Middlebrooks E, Falkenborg D, Lewis R, Ehreth D (eds) Upgrading waste water stabilization ponds to meet new discharge standards(Symposium Proceedings, Aug.21-28), National Environmental Research Center, EPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, pp 89–136Google Scholar
  27. Porcella DB, Mc Gauhey PH, Dugan, Gordon L (1972) Response to tertiary effluent in In dian Creek Reservoir. J Wat Pollut Contr Fed 44(n)2148–61Google Scholar
  28. Sala L, Millet X(1997) A spectos basicos de la reutilizacion de las aguas residuales regeneradas para el riego de campos de golf. Consorci Costa Brava Publishers, 126 ppGoogle Scholar
  29. Sala L, Garcia J, Mujeriego R, Hernandez M (1994) Phytoplankton studies in hypertrophic lakes used for irrigation. Verh Internat Verein Limnol 25:1983–1988Google Scholar
  30. Sano I (1983a) Evaporation of organic compounds from wastewater holding ponds. Akushuno Kenkyu 12(56):6–8(in Japanese)Google Scholar
  31. Sano I (1983b) Offensive odor control of an industrial wastewater storing lake. Akushuno Kenkyu,12(57):1–8(in Japanese)Google Scholar
  32. Soler A, Saez J, Llorens M, Martinez I, Torrella F, BernaL (1991) Changes in physico-chemical parameter sand photo synthetic microorganisms in a deep wastewater self-depuration lagoon. Wat Res 25(6)689–695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Surampalli R, Banerji S, Pycha C, Lopez E (1995) Phosphorus removal in ponds. Wat Sci Tech 31(12)331–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tapp J (1976) Wastewater storage-simulation of in stream effects. ASCE Environ Eng Journal 102(EE6)1151–1159Google Scholar
  35. Torres J, Soler A, Saez J, Ortuno J (1997) Hydraulic performance of a deep wastewater stabilization pond. Wat Res 31(4)679–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. WR-NEWs (1992) Bulletin of the Office of Water Reclamation, City of Los Angeles, vol.3(3)Google Scholar
  37. WR-NEWs (1994) Bulletin of the Office o f Water Reclamation, City of Los Angeles, vol.5(2Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo Juanicó
  • Eran Friedler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations