Advertisement

Degradation of Organosynthetic Pollutants

  • Lea Muszkat
Part of the Environmental Series book series (ESE)

Abstract

The pollution of water resources by pesticides, detergents, solvents, and a variety of industrial organics is a pressing worldwide problem. It is especially acute in regions of intensive industrial and agricultural activity. There, a severe burden on the environment results from pesticide production and application, chemical industry, and from chemical waste. Many of the organic chemicals of anthropogenic origin are persistent, tend to accumulate in living organisms, and are capable of penetration into groundwater (Cohen et al. 1986; Pionke and Glotfelty 1989; Muszkat et al. 1993a,b). Some of them exhibit long-term toxicity. Therefore, the removal of organic pollutants from water and from effluents prior to their disposal or reuse is of special significance. However, wastewater treatment by intensive systems like activated sludge fails in remediation of the organic pollutants (Juanicó 1993).

Keywords

Organic Pollutant Nonyl Phenol Storage Reservoir Oxidation Pond Alkyl Phenol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abeliovich A (1985) Biological treatment of chemical industry effluents by stabilization ponds. Wat Res 19:1497–1503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abeliovich A, Vonshak A (1993) Factors inhibiting nitrification of ammonia in deep wastewater reservoirs. Wat Res 27(10)1585–1590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aharoni A, Kanarek A (1994) The wastewater reclamation system of Natania. Performance of the southern reservoir during 1993, Wat Irrig (In Hebrew) 338:42–45Google Scholar
  4. Cooper W, Zika G, Petasne R, Fischer A (1989) Sunlight induced photochemistry of humic substances in natural waters. Adv Chem Ser 219, Amer Chem Soc, pp 333-362Google Scholar
  5. Cohen Z, Eiden C, Lorber M (1986) In: Garner WY (ed) Evaluation of pesticides in ground water. Washington, DC, pp 170-196Google Scholar
  6. Dor I, Raber M (1990) Deep wastewater reservoirs in Israel: empirical data for monitoring and control. Wat Res 24:1077–1084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dor I, Schechter H, Bromley H (1987) Limnology of a hypertrophic reservoir storing wastewater for agriculture at Kibbutz Na’an. Hydrobiologia 150:225–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eren J, Dor I (1985) The limnology of Ma’aleh HaKishon Reservoir. Annual reports submitted to Mekorot, Water Supply Co., Tel Aviv, IsraelGoogle Scholar
  9. Eren J, Dor I (1986) The limnology of Ma’aleh HaKishon Reservoir. Annual reports submitted to Mekorot, Water Supply Co., Tel Aviv, IsraelGoogle Scholar
  10. Fattal B, Puyeski Y, Eitan G, Dor I (1993) Removal of indicator microorganisms in a wastewater reservoir in relation to physico-chemical variables. Wat Sci Tech 27:321–329Google Scholar
  11. Faust BC, Hoigne J (1987) Sensitized photooxidation of alkyl phenol by fulvic acid natural water. Wat Sci Tech 21:957–964Google Scholar
  12. Finlayson BJ, Pitts J (1986) Atmospheric chemistry - Fundamental and exprimental techniques. J Atmosph Chem, Wiley Intersci., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Gaffney PE (1976)J Water Poll Fed 48(12)2731–2737Google Scholar
  14. Inaba K (1992) Quantitative assessment of natural purification in wetland for LAS. Wat Res 26:893–898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Juanicó M (1993) Alternative schemes for municipal sewage treatment and disposal in industrialized countries: Israel as a case study. Ecological Engineering 2:101–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Juanicó M, Shelef G (1994) Design, operation and performance of stabilization reservoirs for wastewater irrigation in Israel. Wat Res 28:175–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Juanicó M, Ravid R, Azov Y, Teltsch B (1995) Removal of trace metals from wastewater during long-term storage in seasonal reservoirs. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 78:1–17Google Scholar
  18. Lean R, Cooper W, Pick F (1994) Hydrogen peroxide formation and decay in lake waters. In: Aquatic and surface photochemistry, CRC Press, pp 207-221Google Scholar
  19. Lewis M (1991) Chronic and sublethal toxicities of surfactants to aquatic animals: a review and risk assessment. Wat Res 25:101–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Matthews R (1993) Photocatalysis in water purification. In: Ollis DF, Al-Ekabi H (eds) Photocatalytic purification and treatment of water and air. Elsevier Science Publishers, pp 121-136Google Scholar
  21. Mill T, Mabey B (1985) Photochemical transformations. In: Neely WB, Blau GE (eds) Environmental exposure from chemicals, vol 1, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fl.Google Scholar
  22. Muszkat L, Bir L, Raucher D, Magaritz M, Ronen D (1993a) Unsaturated zone and groundwater contamination of organic pollutants in a sewage effluents irrigated site. Ground Water 31:556–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Muszkat L, Magaritz M, Ronen D (1993b) Fate of organic contaminants in water and sediments. Final report GIF Project N° I-103-225.08/88Google Scholar
  24. Muszkat L, Bir L, Feigelson L (1995) Solar photocatalytic mineralization of pesticides in polluted waters. J Photochem Photobiol A: Chem 87:85–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pionke H, Glotfelty D (1989) Nature and extent of groundwater contamination by pesticides in an agricultural watershed. Wat Res 23:1031–1038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Schnidler D, Curtis P (1997) The role of DOC in protecting freshwater subjected to climatic warning and acidification from UV exposure. Bio-geochemistry 36, pp 1-8, Kluwer Academic PublishersGoogle Scholar
  27. Schroder H (1991) Identification of non-biodegradable, hydrophilic organic substances in industrial and municipal wastewater treatment plant. Wat Sci Tech 23:339–347Google Scholar
  28. Schroder H (1992) Polar organic pollutants on their way from wastewater to drinking water. Wat Sci Tech 25:241–248Google Scholar
  29. Watts C, Crathorne B, Crane R, Fiedling M (1981) Development of techniques for isolation and identification of non-volatile organics in drinking water. In: Keith LH (ed) Advances in the identification and analysis of organic pollutants in water, vol 1, Ann Arbor Sci Pub, pp 383-398Google Scholar
  30. Zepp R, Wolfe N (1987) Abiotic transformation of organic chemicals at the particle-water interface. In: Stumm W (ed) Aquatic surface chemistry. Wiley Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  31. Zepp R, Schlotzhauer P, Sink R (1985) Photosensitized transformations involving electronic energy transfer in natural waters: Role of humic substances. Env Sci Tech 19:74–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lea Muszkat

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations