Advertisement

Nitrogen and Nitrification

  • Aharon Abeliovich
  • Drora Kaplan
Part of the Environmental Series book series (ESE)

Abstract

Although nitrifying bacteria usually receive little attention, primarily because they are very difficult to work with, they play a major role in structuring our environment (Abeliovich 1992), directly by affecting the rate of nitrogen recycling, and indirectly through their role in global climatic processes. The greenhouse gases NO and N2O, both byproducts of the microbial nitrification process, also affect the atmospheric ozone layer by being involved in the catalytic destruction of the ozone in the atmosphere.

Keywords

Light Attenuation Nitrify Bacterium Spirulina Platensis Oxygenic Photosynthesis Nitrite Oxidizer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abeliovich A (1969) Waterblooms of blue-green algae and oxygen regime in fish ponds. Verb Internat Verein Limnol 17:594–601Google Scholar
  2. Abeliovich A (1982) Biological equilibrium in deep wastewater reservoirs. Wat Res 16:1135–1138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abeliovich A (1983) The effects of unbalanced BOD and ammonia in oxidation ponds. Wat Res 17:299–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Abeliovich A (1985) Nitrification of ammonia in wastewater: Field observations and laboratory studies. Wat Res 19:1097–1099CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Abeliovich A (1987) Nitrifying bacteria in wastewater reservoirs. Appl Environ Microbiol 53(4)754–760Google Scholar
  6. Abeliovich A (1992) Transformations of ammonia and the environmental impact of nitrifying bacteria. Biodegradation 3:255–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Abeliovich A, Azov Y (1976) Toxicity of ammonia to algae in sewage oxidation ponds. Environ Appl Microbiol 31(6)801–806Google Scholar
  8. Abeliovich A, Vonshak A (1992) Anaerobic metabolism of nitrifying bacteria. Arch Microbiol 158:267–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Abeliovich A, Vonshak A (1993) Factors inhibiting nitrification of ammonia in deep wastewater reservoirs. Wat Res 27:1585–1590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Avron M, Shavit N (1965) Inhibitors and uncouplers of photophosphorylation. Biochim Biophys Acta 109:317–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Belkin S, Boussiba S (1991) Resistance of Spirulina platensis to ammonia at high pB values. Plant Cell Physiol 32:953–958Google Scholar
  12. Blackburn TH (1983) The microbial nitrogen cycle. In: Krumbe WE (ed) Microbial geochemistry. Blackwell Scientific Publications Ltd., OxfordGoogle Scholar
  13. Bock E, Schmidt I, Stueven R, Zart D (1995) Nitrogen loss caused by denitrifying Nitrosomonas cells using ammonium or hydrogen as electron donors and nitrite as electron acceptor. Arch Microbiol 163:16–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gerhardt P, Murray RGE, Wood WA, Kreig NR (1994) Methods for general and molecular bacteriology. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  15. Nejidat A, Abeliovich A (1994) Detection of Nitrosomonas europaea by polymerase chain reaction. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 120:191–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Natarajan KW (1970) Toxicity of ammonia to marine diatoms. Jour Wat Pollut Control Fed 42:R184–190Google Scholar
  17. Poth M (1986) Dinitrogen production from nitrite by Nitrosomonas isolate. Appl Environ Microbiol 52:957–959Google Scholar
  18. Ritchie GAF, Nicholas DJD (1972) Identification of the sources of nitrous oxide produced by oxidative and reductive processes in Nitrosomonas europaea. Biochem Jour 126:1181–1191Google Scholar
  19. Shelef G et al. (1984-1993) Monitoring Kishon water reclamation project. Annual reports (in Hebrew), Sherman center for research in environmental and water resources engineering. Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, HaifaGoogle Scholar
  20. Shilo M, Shilo M (1953) Conditions which determine the efficiency of ammonium sulfate in the control of Prymnesium parvum in fish breeding ponds. Appl Microbiol 1:330–333Google Scholar
  21. Van der Graaf AA, Mulder A, Slijkhuis H, Robertson LA, Kuenen JG (1990) Anoxic ammonium oxidation. In: Christiansen C, Munk L, Viladsen J (eds) Proceedings of the 5th European Congress on Biothechnology. Munksgaard, Copenhagen, pp 388–391Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aharon Abeliovich
  • Drora Kaplan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations