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Unification of the GPS Work in Egypt

  • Ahmed Shaker
  • Dalal Alnaggar
  • Abdalla A. Saad
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 120)

Abstract

GPS proved itself as a powerful surveying tool. It is used in Egypt in many surveying and geodetic applications. Three main GPS networks are considered here. Each of these networks is made separately and treated in different way. The differences in the coordinates among the three networks at the common points in the three projects are investigated.

The aim of this work is to make use of all the GPS work in Egypt and unify it under one system of coordinates.

Keywords

Common Point Eastern Desert Geodetic Network Dual Frequency Good Geometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. [1]
    ESA (1997) “Final Seminar Schedule Introducing The New Egyptian Datum-1995”. ESA, Giza, Egypt.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Personal Communication, Bolbol S., Shoubra faculty of engineering, Cairo, Egypt.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Finmap (1988) “Final Report of 1:50 000 Topographic Mapping in Eastern Desert”, ESA, Giza, Egypt.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Adam J., Halmos F., Varga M. (1979) “On the Concept of Combination of Doppler Satellite and Terrestrial Geodetic Networks”. Has, Sopron.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Leick A., Van Gelder B.H.W.(1975) “On Similarity Transformations and Geodetic Network Distortions Based on Doppler Satellite Observations”. OSU Report 235.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed Shaker
    • 1
  • Dalal Alnaggar
    • 2
  • Abdalla A. Saad
    • 1
  1. 1.Shoubra Faculty of EngCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Survey Research InstEgypt

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