Advertisement

Schlaf und Schlafstörungen im Alter

  • H. Frohnhofen
  • B. Höltmann

Zusammenfassung

Etwa 1/2 seines Lebens verbringt der Mensch schlafend. Ausreichende Schlafmenge und -qualität sind wesentlich für Wohlbefinden und Leistungsfähigkeit im täglichen Leben (Peter 1991). Schlafstörungen führen zu unspezifischen Symptomen, die sich als Schlaflosigkeit, Tagesmüdigkeit, Verstimmungszustände, Konzentrations- oder Aufmerksamkeitsstörungen zeigen und die Lebensqualität der Betroffenen und ihrer Angehörigen beeinträchtigen können (Hajak u. Rüther 1995).

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. American Sleep Disorders Association/ASDA (1990) The international Classification of sleep disorders: Diagnostic and coding manual. Allen, LawrenzGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergener M (1993) Insomnia in the elderly. In: Morley JE, Roth T (eds) Sleep disorders and insomnia in the elderly. Facts and research in gerontology, vol 2. Serdi, Paris, pp 101–108Google Scholar
  3. Bliwise D (1993) Sleep in normal aging and dementia. Sleep 16: 40–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bliwise DL, Friedman L, Nekich JC, Yesavage JA (1995) Prediction of outcome in behaviorally based insomnia treatments. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 26:17–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ciarenbach P, Steinberg R, Weeß HG, Berger M (1995) Recommendations for the diagnostic and therapeutic handling of insomnia. German Sleep Society. Nervenarzt 66:723–729Google Scholar
  6. Friedman L, Bliwise DL, Yesavage JA, Salom SR (1991) A preliminary study comparing sleep restriction and relaxation treatments for insomnia in older adults. J Gerontol 46:1–8Google Scholar
  7. Greulich W, Schäfer D, Georg WM, Schläfke M (1998) Schlafverhalten bei Patienten mit Morbus Parkinson. Somnologie 2:163–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hajak G, Rüther E (1995) Insomnie. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  9. Hauri PJ (1993) Consulting about I nsomnia: A method and some preliminary data. Sleep 16:344–350PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hess CW (1997) Sleep disorders and dementia. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax 86 (35) 1343–1349Google Scholar
  11. Hohagen F, Rink K, Käppier C, Schramm E, Riemann D, Weyerer S, Berger M (1993) Prevalence and treatment of insomnia in general practice. A longitudinal study. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 242:329–336PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lader M (1993) Pharmacological treatments. In: Morley JE, Roth T (eds) Sleep disorders and insomnia in the elderly. Facts and research in gerontology, vol 2. Serdi, Paris, pp 147–162Google Scholar
  13. Mendelson WB (1997) A critical evaluation of the hyponotic efficacy of melatonin. Sleep 20:916–919PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Monk TH, Reynolds CF, Machen MA, Kupfer DJ (1992) Daily social rhythms in the elderly and their relation to objectively recorded sleep. Sleep 15:322–329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Morgan K, Dallosso H, Ebrahim S, Arie T, Fentem PH (1988) Prevalence, frequency, and duration of hypnotic use among the elderly living at home. Br Med J 296:601–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Murtagh DR, Greenwood KM (1995) Identifying effective psychological treatments for insomnia: A meta anlaysis. J Consult Clin Psychol 63:79–89PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. National Institutes of Health/NIH (1991) Consensus development conference Statement: The treatment of sleep disorders of older people. Sleep 14:169–177Google Scholar
  18. Peter JH (1991) Chronobiologie und Schlaf. Internist 32: 363–379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Reynolds CF, Kupfer DJ, Taska LS, Hoch CC, Sewitch DE, Spiker DG (1985) Sleep of healthy seniors: A revisit. Sleep 8: 20–29PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Roehrs T, Zorick F, Sicklesteel J, Wittig R, Roth T (1983) Agerelated sleep-wake disorders at a sleep disorder center. J Am Geriatr Soc 3:364–370Google Scholar
  21. Shapiro CM, Steingart A (1993) Fiftyone questions for the elderly insomniac and why. In: Morley JE, Roth T (eds) Sleep disorders and insomnia in the elderly. Facts and research in gerontology, vol 2. Serdi, Paris, pp 223–229Google Scholar
  22. Skoog I, Stehen B, Persson G, Nilson L, Aevarsson O, Larsson L, Ostling S (1993) A 15-year longitudinal cross-sectional population study on sleep in the elderly. In: Morley JE, Roth T (eds) Sleep disorders and insomnia in the elderly. Facts and research in gerontology, vol 2. Serdi, Paris, pp 137–143Google Scholar
  23. Simen S, Rodenbeck A, Schlaf G, Müller-Popkes K, Hajak G (1996) Schlafbeschwerden und Schlafmitteleinnahme im Alter - Ergebnis einer Repräsentativumfrage in Westdeutschland. Wien Med Wochenschr 146:306–309PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Stoppe G, Sandholzer H, Knehans A, Rüther E (1992) Schlaf im Alter. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 117:1326–1332PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Swift CG (1993) Disorders, quality of life and use of hypnotic agents. In: Morley JE, Roth T (eds) Sleep disorders and insomnia in the elderly. Facts and research in gerontology, vol 2. Serdi, Paris, pp 165–174Google Scholar
  26. Trenkwalder C (1998) Restless Legs Syndrom. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wildschiodtz G (1993) Movement disorders in the elderly. In: Morley JE, Roth T (eds) Sleep disorders and insomnia in the elderly. Facts and research in gerontology, vol 2. Serdi, Paris, pp 23–29Google Scholar
  28. Zepelin H, McDonald CS, Zammit GK (1984) Effects of age on auditory awakening thresholds. J Gerontol 39:294–300PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Frohnhofen
  • B. Höltmann

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations