Fehlentwicklung des ableitenden Harnwegssystems im Fetus

  • H. Rehder


Die ableitenden Harnwege entwickeln sick aus der Kloake. Die Kloake stellt in der 4. Entwicklungswoche den kaudalen Anteil des primitiven Darmrohrs in der Fortsetzung des Enddarms dar. Sie ist damit in ihrer Entstehung eng mit der Abfaltung der Keimscheibe vom Dottersack verknüpft. Unter der Abfaltung der Keimscheibe vom Dottersack versteht man zum einen die seitliche Krümmung der Keimscheibe zum Rohr und damit die ventrale Annäherung der Keimscheibenränder zum vorderen Körperwandverschluß (Abb. 3.1), zum anderen die zephalokaudale Krümmung des Embryo in der Längsachse (Abb. 3.2).


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