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Entzündliche Erkrankungen

  • H. Wiethölter

Zusammenfassung

Entzündungen äußern sich am Zentralnervensystem in gleicher Weise wie an anderen Körperorganen durch Auftreten von Granulozyten und immunkompetenten Zellen, die sich auf einen chemotaktischen, physikalischen Reiz hin oder bei einer Komplementaktivierung als Antwort auf Erreger bzw. unbelebte Fremdstoffe im nervösen Gewebe in der Regel perivaskulär anreichern. Je nach Reiz und Immunitätslage wechselt das Gewebsmuster von der akuten Störung der Blut-Hirn-Schranke zu den unterschiedlichen Formen der Infiltratzellen neutrophiler Granulozyten über lymphozytäre, lymphomonozytäre, lymphoplasmazelluläre Infiltrate bis zu den spezifischen Formen granulomatöser Entzündungen.

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  • H. Wiethölter

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