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Nichtmechanische physikalische Traumen

  • M. Oehmichen

Zusammenfassung

Die optimale Funktionsfähigkeit des menschlichen Körpers setzt u.a. die Homöothermie voraus, die über hypothalamische Regelzentren gesteuert wird. Die physiologischen Temperaturgrenzen sind extrem eng und liegen zwischen 36,5 und 37 °C (Petersdorf 1991; Jelkmann 2000). Extreme Veränderungen zwischen 25°C auf der einen Seite und 42–43°C auf der anderen Seite sind zwar mit dem Leben noch vereinbar, führen jedoch zu erheblichen Funktionseinbußen und sind lebensgefährlich. Temperaturen über diese Grenzen hinaus sind - mit Ausnahmen - praktisch immer tödlich (Brinkmann u. Schaefer 1982; Bonlaut 1991).

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