Endogenous Voltages and the Reaction of the Neuron to Injury

  • Richard Ben Borgens
Part of the Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology book series (ADVSANAT, volume 171)


Strictly speaking, the preceding analogy of the embryonic ectoderm or the adult integument to a battery is a sound one. The physiology of these structures provides a separation of charge across membrane(s) that can serve as an electromotive force (EMF) driving electric current through cells or across their membranes and/or partitioning macromolecules in their membranes based on their charge as discussed.


Electromotive Force Voltage Gradient Bioelectric Potential Injured Axon Preceding Analogy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Ben Borgens
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Veterinary MedicinePurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.School of EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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