Biologically Produced Electrical Fields: Physiology Spoken Here

  • Richard Ben Borgens
Part of the Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology book series (ADVSANAT, volume 171)


Like many other areas of developmental biology, an appreciation of the molecular and genetic controls of nerve growth and regeneration has dominated the last 40 years of inquiry. These approaches have indeed provided some stunning new insights, but they have also squeezed out other important disciplines. This intellectual myopia is particularly true concerning the literature on endogenous and applied voltages in development and regeneration. Other scholars have remarked upon this bias. Dale Purves and Jeff Lichtman noted in their book Principles of Neural Development: “The idea that embryonic currents influence axon outgrowth (or other aspects of embryonic pattern) is often given rather short shrift” (p 127).


Neural Tube Voltage Gradient Direct Current Voltage Leak Pathway Vertebrate Embryo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Ben Borgens
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Veterinary MedicinePurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.School of EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Personalised recommendations