Naturally Occurring Spinal Injury in the Dog as a Model for Humans

  • Richard Ben Borgens
Part of the Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology book series (ADVSANAT, volume 171)


The two most common causes of naturally produced spinal cord injury in canines are fracture/dislocation of the vertebral column (usually resulting from vehicle impact) and explosive intervertebral disc herniations. In the former, spinal injury usually results in complete transection of the dog’s spinal cord, a condition that is more severe than observed in human clinical cases (with the exception of wartime injuries) (Toombs et al. 1993; Bunge et al. 1993; Tuszynski 1999).


Spinal Cord Spinal Cord Injury Spinal Injury Tibial Nerve Disc Material 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Ben Borgens
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Veterinary MedicinePurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.School of EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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