Naturally Occurring Spinal Injury in the Dog as a Model for Humans
The two most common causes of naturally produced spinal cord injury in canines are fracture/dislocation of the vertebral column (usually resulting from vehicle impact) and explosive intervertebral disc herniations. In the former, spinal injury usually results in complete transection of the dog’s spinal cord, a condition that is more severe than observed in human clinical cases (with the exception of wartime injuries) (Toombs et al. 1993; Bunge et al. 1993; Tuszynski 1999).
KeywordsSpinal Cord Spinal Cord Injury Spinal Injury Tibial Nerve Disc Material
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