Advertisement

Männliches Genitale

  • F. Städtler
  • B. Helpap
Chapter

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. 1.
    Doerr W, Seifert G (Hrsg) (1981) Spezielle pathologische Anatomie, Bd 14,I/II. Pathologie der endokrinen Organe. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hedinger CE, Dhom G. In: Doerr W, Seifert G (Hrsg) (1991) Spezielle pathologische Anatomie, Bd 21. Pathologie des männlichen Genitale. Hoden, Prostata, Samenblasen. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Labhart A (ed) (1986) Clinical endocrinology. Theory and practice. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nistall M, Paniagua R (1984) Testicular and epididymal pathology. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Peterson RO (1992) Urologic pathology, 2nd edn. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pugh RCB (ed) (1976) Pathology of the testis. Blackwell, Oxford London Edinburgh MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Skakkebaek NE, Berthelsen JG, Grigor KM, Visfeldt J (eds) (1981) Early detection of testicular cancer. Scriptor, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Städtler F (1973) Die normale und gestörte präpuberale Hodenentwicklung des Menschen. Veröff Pathol Heft 92, Fischer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Teilum G (1976) Special tumors of ovary and testis and related extragonadal lesions. Munksgaard, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  10. 1.–9.
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    Bühler EM (1980) A synopsis of the human Y chromosome. Hum Genet 55: 145–175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 11.
    Geralds PS (1979) The H Y antigen and male sexual development. N Engl J Med 300: 788–789Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    Heller CG, Clermont J (1964) Kinetics of the germinal epithelium in man. Recent Prog Horm Res 20: 545–571PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 13.
    Holstein AF (1985) Die männlichen Geschlechtsorgane. In: Fleischhauer K, Staubesand J, Zenker W (Hrsg) Makroskopische und mikroskopische Anatomie des Menschen, 2 Bd Kreislauf und Eingeweide, 14. Aufl. Urban&Schwarzenberg, München Wien Baltimore, S. 460–514Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    Kaler LW, Neaves WB (1978) Attrition of the human Leydig cell population with advancing age. Anat Rec 192: 513–518PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 14a.
    Krause W (1996) Inhibin and testicular history. Exp Clin En-docrinol 104 (Suppl. 1) 121Google Scholar
  17. 15.
    Pelander WM, Luna G, Lilly JR (1978) Polyorchidism: Case report and literature review. J Urol 119: 705–706PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 16.
    Schönenberger HJ (1975) Histologische und morphometrische Untersuchungen an fetalen, natalen und postnatalen Hoden bis zum vollendeten ersten Lebensjahr. Med Dissertation, Med Fakultät, Homburg/SaarGoogle Scholar
  19. 17.
    Schulze W, Rehder U (1984) Organisation and morphogenesis of the human seminiferous epithelium. Cell Tissue Res 237: 395–407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 18.
    Wartenberg H (1985) Die Entwicklung der Ham-und Geschlechtsorgane. In: Fleischhauer K, Staubesand J, Zenker W (Hrsg) Makroskopische und mikroskopische Anatomie des Menschen, 2 Bd Kreislauf und Eingeweide, 14. Aufl. Urban&Schwarzenberg, München Wien Baltimore, S 389–413Google Scholar
  21. 1.–.9
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  22. 10.
    Becker H, Hofmann N (1975) Endokrinologische und histologische Untersuchungen zur Hodenatrophie bei Dystrophia myotonica. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 100: 149–152PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 11.
    Brown DM, Markland C, Dehner LP (1978) Leydig cell hypoplasia: a cause of male pseudohermaphroditism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 46: 1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Charny CW (1946) The testicular biopsy. A five-year survey. In: Engle ET (ed) Diagnosis in sterility. Thomas, Springfield III, pp 43–66Google Scholar
  25. 13.
    Eggert-Kruse W, Rohr G, Jochum R, Adolph M, Runnebaum B (1992) Einfluß von Schwermetallen auf In-vitro-Interaktion zwischen menschlichen Spermien und Zervixschleim. Dtsch Med Wschr 117: 1383–1389PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 14.
    Gavaler JS, Van Thiel DH (1995) Alkohol und endokrines System. In: Seitz HK, Lieber ChS, Simanowski UA (Hrsg) Handbuch Alkohol. Alkoholismus. Alkoholbedingte Organschäden. Ambrosius Barth, Leipzig Heidelberg, S 427–448Google Scholar
  27. 15.
    Hadziselimovic F (1983) Cryptorchidism: management and implications. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. 16.
    Hadziselimovic F, Herzog B (1990) Hodenerkrankungen im Kindesalter. Hippokrates, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  29. 17.
    Hadziselimovic F, Herzog B, Buser M (1987) Development of cryptorchid testes. Eur J Pediatr 146 (Suppl 2): 8–12Google Scholar
  30. 18.
    Heller CG, Nelson WO (1948) Classification of male hypogonadism and a discussion of the pathologic physiology, diagnosis and treatment. J Clin Endocrinol 8: 345–366Google Scholar
  31. 19.
    Hienz HA, Voggenthaler J, Weißbach L (1980) Histological findings in testes with varicocele during childhood and their therapeutic consequences. Eur J Pediatr 133: 139–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 20.
    Hornstein O (1963) Zur Klinik und Histopathologie des männlichen primären Hypogonadismus. Arch Klin Exp Derm 217: 117–148PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 21.
    Hornstein OP, Becker H, Hofmann N, Kleißl HP (1974) Pasqualini-Syndrom („fertiler Eunuchoidismus“). Klinische, histologische und hormonanalytische Befunde. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 99: 1907–1914PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 22.
    Howard RP, Sniffen RC, Simmons FA, Albright F (1950) Testicular deficiency: a clinical and pathological study. J Clin Endocrinol 10: 121–186Google Scholar
  35. 23.
    Huff DS, Hadziselimovic F, Snyder III HM, Duckett JW, Kasting MA (1989) Postnatal testicular maldevelopment in unilateral cryptorchidism. J Urol 142: 546–548PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 24.
    Huff DS, Hadziselimovic F, Howard McC, Snyder III HM, Blyth B, Duckett JW (1991) Early postnatal testicular maldevelopment in cryptorchidism. J Urol 146: 624–626PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 25.
    Jockenhövel F, Reinwein D (1992) Klinefelter-Syndrom. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 117: 383–389PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 26.
    Josso N, Fekete C, Cachin O, Nezelof C, Rappaport R (1983) Persistence of Müllerian ductus in male pseudohermaphroditism, and its relationship to cryptorchidism. Clin Endocrinol 19: 247–258Google Scholar
  39. 27.
    Kim MH, Gumpel JA, Graff P (1979) Pregnancy in a true hermaphrodite. Obstet Gynecol 53 (3 Suppl): 40–42Google Scholar
  40. 28.
    Kreuser ED, Klingmüller D, Thiel E (1992) Diagnostik und Prognose gonadaler Toxizität nach Chemotherapie und Bestrahlung. Dtsch med Wochenschr 117: 1810–1817PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 29.
    Kuller LH, May SJ, Perper JA (1978) The relationship between alcohol, liver disease, and testicular pathology. Am J Epidermiol 108: 192–199Google Scholar
  42. 30.
    Labhart A (1955) Diagnose und Therapie des männlichen Hypogonadismus. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 85: 549–554PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 31.
    Lange J (1981) Morbus Wilson und Hypogonadismus. Persönliche Mitteilung (Gummersbach)Google Scholar
  44. 32.
    Laurance BM, Darby CW, Vanderschueren-Lodeweyckx M (1976) Two XX-males diagnosed in childhood. Endocrine, renal, and laboratory findings. Arch Dis Child 51: 144–148PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 33.
    Meschede D, Behre HM, Nieschlag E, Horst J (1994) Kallmann-Syndrom. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 119: 1436–1442PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 34.
    Mininberg D (1988) Histolopathology of the undescended testis. Semin Urol 6: 74–78PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 35.
    Neumann F (1977) Hormonale Regulation der Sexualdifferenzierung bei Säugetieren. Med Wiss Buchreihe. Schering, Berlin BergkamenGoogle Scholar
  48. 36.
    Neumann F (1994) The antiandrogen cyproterone acetate: discovery, chemistry, basic pharmacology, clinical use and tool in basic research. Exp Clin Endocrinol 102: 1–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 37.
    Neumann F, Steinbeck H (1974) Antiandrogen. In: Eichler O, Farah A, Herken H, Welch AD (Hrsg) Handb Exp Pharm, Bd 35 /2: 235–484Google Scholar
  50. 38.
    Nistal M, Paniagua R (1979) Ultrastructure of testicular biopsy from XX-male. Virchows Arch (Cell Pathol)31: 45–55Google Scholar
  51. 39.
    Nowakowski H (1959) Der Hypogonadismus im Knaben-und Mannesalter. Ergb Inn Med Kinderheilkd NF 12: 219–301Google Scholar
  52. 40.
    Prader A (1986) Disorders of sexual differentiation (intersexuality). In: Labhart A (ed) Clinical endocrinology, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 715–747Google Scholar
  53. 41.
    Raspe G (Hrsg) (1972) Schering Symposium über Sexualdeviationen und ihre medikamentöse Behandlung, Berlin, 1971, Life Sciences Monographs 2. Pergamon Press-Vieweg, Oxford Edinburgh New York Toronto Sydney BraunschweigGoogle Scholar
  54. 42.
    Rutgers JL, Scully RE (1987) Pathology of the testis in intersex syndromes. Semin Diagn Pathol 4: 275–291PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 43.
    Schnell HJ (1976) Die Bedeutung der Biopsie für die Differentialdiagnose der Hodenerkrankungen. Med Dissertation, Med Fakultät, Homburg/SaarGoogle Scholar
  56. 44.
    Simpson JL (1976) Disorders of sexual differentiation. Etiology and clinical delineation. Academic Press, New York San Francisco LondonGoogle Scholar
  57. 45.
    Städtler F (1982) Die Pathologie des Hodens bei Fertilitätsstörungen. Pathologe 3: 149–159PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 46.
    Städler F, Horn HJ (1973) Veränderungen an menschlichen Hoden während einer Antiandrogen-Behandlung. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 98: 1013–1019Google Scholar
  59. 47.
    Sternlieb I (1982) Morbus Wilson und Hypogonadismus. Persönliche Mitteilung (Bronx N. Y.)Google Scholar
  60. 48.
    Tonutti W, Weller O, Schuchardt F, Heinke E (1960) Die männliche Keimdrüse. Struktur-Funktion-Klinik. Grundzüge der Andrologie. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  61. 49.
    Valcke JC (1984) Hypogonadisme péripherique. In: Schaison G, Bouchard P, Mahoudeau J, Labrie F (eds) Médicine de la reproduction masculine. Flammarion, Paris, pp 269–290Google Scholar
  62. 50.
    Zang KD (1984) Genetics and cytogenetics of Klinefelter’s syndrome. In: Bandmann HJ, Breit R, Perwein E (eds) Klinefelter’s syndrome. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, 12–23Google Scholar
  63. 51.
    Zorgniotti AW, Sealfon AI, Toth A (1980) Chronic scrotal hypothermia as a treatment for poor semen quality. Lancet 1: 904–906PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 1.–9.
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  65. 10.
    Breen DH, Braunstein GD, Neufeld N, Kudish H (1981) Benign macro-orchidism in pubescent boy. J Urol 125: 589–591PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 11.
    Laron Z, Karp M, Dolberg L (1970) Juvenile hypothyroidism with testicular enlargement. Acta Paediatr Scand 59:317–322Google Scholar
  67. 12.
    Laron Z, Dickermann Z, Ritterman I, Kaufman H (1980) Follow-up of boys with unilateral compensatory testicular hypertrophy. Fertil Steril 33: 297–301PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 13.
    Nisula BC, Loriaux DL, Sherins RJ, Kulin HE (1974) Benign bilateral testicular enlargement. J Clin Endocr 38: 440–445PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Nussbaum RL, Ledbetter DH (1989) The fragile X-Syndrome. In: Scriver CR, Beaudet AL, Sly WS, Valle D (eds) The metabolic basis of inherited diseases, 6 edn, vol 1. Mc-Graw-Hill, New York, pp 327–341Google Scholar
  70. 15.
    Schirren C (1982) Praktische Andrologie, 2. Aufl. Karger, Basel München Paris London New York SydneyGoogle Scholar
  71. 1.–9.
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  72. 10.
    Altwein JE (1979) Urologie. Enke, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  73. 11.
    McClure J (1980) Malakoplakia of the testis and its relationship to granulomatous orchitis. J Clin Pathol 33: 670–678PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 12.
    Dao AH, Adkins RB (1980) Bilateral gummatous orchitis. South Med J 73: 954–955PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. 13.
    Frei D, Hedinger Chr (1979) Arterioläre Hyalinose in Hodenbiopsien. Virchows Arch (Pathol Anat) 381: 269–281Google Scholar
  76. 14.
    Gerstmann DR, Marble RD (1980) Bilaterally enlarged testicles in a newborn: an atypical presentation of intrauterine spermatic cord torsion. Am J Dis Child 134: 992–994PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 15.
    Hienz HA, Voggenthaler J, Weißbach L (1980) Histological findings in testes with varicocele during childhood and their therapeutic consequences. Eur J Pediatr 133: 139–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 16.
    Klosterhalfen H, Schirren C, Wagenknecht LV (1979) Pathogenese und Therapie der Varikozele. Urologe A 18: 187–192PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 17.
    Schnell HJ (1976) Die Bedeutung der Biopsie für die Differentialdiagnose der Hodenerkrankungen. Med Dissertation, Med Fakultät, Homburg/SaarGoogle Scholar
  80. 18.
    Torrington KG, Lewis PG, Tellis CJ, Swedarsky RH (1979) Systemic sarcoidosis presenting with a testicular nodule. South Med J 72: 1001–1003PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 1.–9.
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  82. 10.
    Altwein JE, Smith PJB, Basting R (1981) Kindliche Hodentumoren: Inzidenz, Entstehung, Klinik und Therapie. Act Urol 12: 139–145Google Scholar
  83. 11.
    Bär W, Hedinger Chr (1977) Ausgebrannte (okkulte) Hodentumoren. Virchows Arch (Pathol Anat) 377: 67–78Google Scholar
  84. 12.
    Benisch B, Peison B, Sobel HJ, Marquet E (1981) Fibrous mesotheliomas (pseudofibroma) of the scrotal sac: a light and ultrastructural study. Cancer 47: 731–735PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 13.
    Bokemeyer C, Harstrick A, Schöffski P, Schmoll HJ, Poliwoda H (1992) Keimzelltumoren des Hodens. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 117: 1532–1537PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 14.
    Collin DH, Pugh RCB (1964) The pathology of testicular tumours. Br J Urol 36:SupplGoogle Scholar
  87. 14a.
    Derigs HG, Huber C, Schmoll HJ (1994) Stadienorientierte Therapie bei nicht-seminomatösen Hodentumoren. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 119: 156–164PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. 15.
    Dieckmann KP, Loy V (1990) Die Prävalenz von bilateralen Hodentumoren und die Bedeutung der testikulären intraepithelialen Neoplasie zur Frühdiagnostik. Beitr Onkol 40: 143–165Google Scholar
  89. 16.
    Dieckmann KP, Loy V, Huland H (1989) Das Carcinoma in situ des Hodens: klinische Bedeutung, Diagnostik und Therapie. Urologe A 28: 271–280PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. 17.
    Droese M, Rahlf G (1979) Punktionszytologie maligner Hodentumoren? Urologe A 18: 338–342PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 18.
    Ehrengut W, Schwartau M, Hubmann R (1980) Testikuläre Vorerkrankungen bei Patienten mit Hodentumoren unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Mumpsorchitis. Urologe A 19: 283–288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 19.
    Exelby PR (1980) Testicular cancer in children. Cancer 45: 1803–1809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 20.
    Harms D, Jänig U (1986) Germ cell tumours of childhood. Virchow Arch (Pathol Anat) 409: 223–239Google Scholar
  94. 21.
    Hedinger Chr (1980) Pathologie der Hodentumoren. Pathologe 1: 179–187Google Scholar
  95. 22.
    Hochstetter AR v, Hedinger Chr (1982) The differential diagnosis of testicular germ cell tumors in theory and practice. Virchows Arch (Pathol Anat) 396: 247–277Google Scholar
  96. 23.
    Hochstetter AR v, Sigg C, Saremaslani P, Hedinger Chr (1985) The significance of giant cells in human testicular seminomas. Virchows Arch (A) 407: 309–322Google Scholar
  97. 24.
    Lawrence WD, Young RH, Scully RE (1986) Sex cordstromal tumors. In: Talerman A, Roth LM (eds) Pathology of the testis and its adnexa. Churchill Livingstone, New York Edinburgh London Melbroune, pp 67–72Google Scholar
  98. 25.
    Loy V, Wigand I, Dieckmann KP (1990) Incidence and distribution of carcinoma in situ in testes removed for germ cell tumours: possible inadequacy of random testicular biopsy in detecting the condition. Histopathology 16: 187–205Google Scholar
  99. 26.
    Mathew T, Prabhakaran K (1981) Osteosarcoma of the testis. Arch Pathol Lab Med 105: 38–39PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. 27.
    Mikuz G (1979) Klassifizierungsprobleme der Hodengeschwülste. Pathologe 1: 40–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 28.
    Mostofi FK, Price EB Jr (1973) Tumors of the male genital system. Fascicle 8. Atlas of tumor pathology. 2nd series. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  102. 29.
    Mostofi FK, Sobin LH (1977) Histological typing of testis tumors, Bd 16. WHO, GenfGoogle Scholar
  103. 30.
    Mostofi FK, Sesterhenn IA, Davis CJ (1988) Developments in histopathology of testicular germ cell tumors. Semin Urol 6: 171–188PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 31.
    Nogales FF, Matilla A, Ortega I, Alvarez T (1979) Mixed Brenner and adenomatoid tumor of the testis. An ultrastructural study and histogenetic considerations. Cancer 43: 539–543PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. 32.
    Oosterhuis JW, Castedo SMJ, Jong B de et al. (1989) Ploidy of primary germ cell tumors of the testis. Lab Invest 60: 14–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 33.
    Proppe KH, Scully RE (1980) Large cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor of the testis. Am J Clin Pathol 74: 607–619PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 34.
    Schnaidt U, Müller U, Stegmeier Ch (1992) Epidemiologie germinaler Hodentumoren im Saarland. Pathologe 13: 73–77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. 35.
    Schnell HJ (1976) Die Bedeutung der Biopsie für die Differentialdiagnose der Hodenerkrankungen. Med Dissertation, Med Fakultät, Homburg/SaarGoogle Scholar
  109. 36.
    Shah HK, Maxted WC, Chun B (1981) Epidermoid cysts of the testis: a report of three cases and an analysis of 141 cases from the world literature. Cancer 47: 577–582PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. 37.
    Talerman A (1980) The pathology of gonadal neoplasms composed of germ cells and sex cord stroma derivatives. Pathol Res Pract 170: 24–38PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. 38.
    Thüroff JW (1982) Fertilitätsstörungen nach retroperitonealer Lymphadenektomie. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 107: 834Google Scholar
  112. 39.
    UICC (1987) TNM Klassifizierung maligner Tumoren, 4. Aufl. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  113. Wurster K (1976) Klassifizierung testikulärer Keimzellgeschwülste. Norm Pathol Anat (Stuttg) Heft 31Google Scholar
  114. 41.
    Zone RM (1970) Retinal anlage tumor of the epididymis. A case report. J Urol 103: 106–107PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 1.–9.
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  116. 10.
    Eaton WL, Ferguson JP (1956) A retinoblastic teratoma of the epididymis. Case report. Cancer 9: 718–720PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. 11.
    Frank GI, Koten JW (1967) Melanotic hamartoma (“Retinal Anlage tumour”) of the epididymis. J Pathol Bact 93: 549–554Google Scholar
  118. 12.
    Guccion JG, Thorgeirsson UP, Smith BH (1979) Malacoplakia of epididymis. Urology 12: 713–716Google Scholar
  119. 13.
    Küchemann K (1974) Papillary cystadenoma of the epididymis with psammoma bodies. Beitr Pathol 153: 406–409PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. 14.
    Lurie HJ (1961) Congenital melanocarcinoma, melanotic adamantinoma, retina anlage tumor, progronoma, and pigmented epulis of infancy. Summary and review of the literature and report of the first case in an adult. Cancer 14: 1090–1108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 15.
    Mercer S (1979) Agenesis or atrophy of the testis and vas deferens. Can J Surg 22: 245–246PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. 16.
    Mostofi FK, Sobin LH (1977) Histological typing of testis tumors, Bd 16. WHO, GenfGoogle Scholar
  123. 17.
    Nogales FF, Matilla A, Ortega I, Alvarez T (1979) Mixed Brenner and adenomatoid tumor of the testis. An ultrastructural study and histogenetic considerations. Cancer 43: 539–543PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. 18.
    Ross L (1968) Paratesticular Brenner-like tumor. Cancer 21:722–726Google Scholar
  125. 19.
    Rudin L, Megalli M, Mesa-Tejada R (1974) Genital sarcoidosis. Urology 3: 750–754PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. 20.
    Shah KH, Maxted WC, Chun B (1981) Epidermoid cysts of the testis. A report of three cases and an analysis of 141 cases from the world literature. Cancer 47: 577–582PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. 21.
    Wernert N, Goebbels R, Prediger L (1986) Papillary cystadenoma of the epididymis. Case report and review of the literature. Pathol Res Pract 181: 260–262PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. 22.
    Zone RM (1970) Retinal anlage tumor of the epididymis. A case report. J Urol 103: 106–107PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 1.–
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  130. 10.
    Brühl P (1987) Das Peniskarzinom. Urologe A 27: 3–7Google Scholar
  131. 11.
    Cabanas RM (1977) An approach for the treatment of penile carcinoma. Cancer 39: 456–466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. 12.
    Höpner W, Dreikorn K (1992) Erektile Dysfunktion. Bremer Ärzteblatt 8: 12–19Google Scholar
  133. 13.
    Knopf HJ, Engelmann KH, Haupt G, Senge Th (1991) Operative Korrektur der angeborenen und erworbenen Penisdeviation. Akt Urol 22: 371–375Google Scholar
  134. 14.
    Levine RL (1980) Urethral cancer. Cancer 45: 1965–1972Google Scholar
  135. 15.
    Link KH, Kracht J (1981) Malakoplakie der Urethra. Pathologe 2: 106–110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 16.
    Porst H (1987) Erektile Impotenz. Enke, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  137. 17.
    Reich H (1981) Pseudokanzerosen, Präkanzerosen-verruköses Karzinom (Ackerman). Dtsch Med Wochenschr 106: 1437Google Scholar
  138. 18.
    Roth St, Rathert P (1991) Chemotherapie des Peniskarzinoms. Urologe A 30: 10–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. 19.
    Silverman ML, Eyre RC, Zinman LA, Crosson AW (1981) Mixed mucinous and papillary adenocarcinoma involving male urethra, probably originating in periurethral glands. Cancer 47: 1398–1402PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. 20.
    Williams JJ, Mouradian JA, Hagopian M, Gray GF (1979) Hemangioendothelial sarcoma of penis. Cancer 44: 1146–1149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 1.–9.
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 3)Google Scholar
  142. 10.
    Amelar RD, Dubin L (1979) Vasectomy reversal. J Urol 121:547–550Google Scholar
  143. 11.
    Beierdörffer H, Schirren C (1979) Besonderheiten und Nebenwirkungen bei Hodenbiopsie. Andrologia 11: 311–319PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. 12.
    Hienz A, Voggenthaler J, Weißbach L (1980) Histological findings in testes with varicocele during childhood and their therapeutic consequences. Eur J Pediatr 133: 139–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. 13.
    Holstein AF, Wulfhekel U (1971) Die SemidünnschnittTechnik als Grundlage für eine cytologische Beurteilung der Spermatogenese des Menschen. Andrologia 3: 65–69Google Scholar
  146. 14.
    Johnson SG (1970) Testicular biopsy score count — Amethod for registration of spermatogenesis in human testes: Normal values and results in 335 hypogonadal males. Hormones 1: 2–25Google Scholar
  147. 15.
    Knispel HH, Wegner HEH, Klan R, Müller K (1994) Ergebnisvergleich zwischen verschiedenen Schwellkörperimplantaten. Akt Urol 25: 225–228Google Scholar
  148. 16.
    Kockott G (1980) Ergebnisse der Verhaltenstherapie bei Potenzstörungen. Munch Med Wochenschr 122: 539–542Google Scholar
  149. 17.
    Kretzer DM de (1982) Testicular biopsy in the management of male infertility. Int J Androl 5: 449–451Google Scholar
  150. 18.
    Nieschlag E (1987) Vasektomie — pro und contra. Dtsch med Wochenschr 112: 1107–1109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. 18a.
    Obruca A, Strohmer H, Brunner M, Kindermann Ch, Feichtinger W (1995) Erfolgreiche Etablierung der „Intrazytoplasmatischen Spermien Injektion“ (ICSI) im Rahmen der Invitro-Fertilisation. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 55: 400–403PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. 19.
    Schirren C (1982) Praktische Andrologie. 2. Aufl. Karger, Basel München Paris London New York SydneyGoogle Scholar
  153. 20.
    Schütte B (1984) Der Wert der Hodenbiopsie bei Patienten mit Oligospermie. Akt Dermatol 10: 88–96Google Scholar
  154. 21.
    Sigg C (1979) Klassifizierung tubulärer Hodenatrophien bei Sterilitätsabklärungen. Bedeutung der sogenannten bunten Atrophie. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 110: 801–806Google Scholar
  155. 22.
    Sohn M, Barada JH (1994) Ergebnisse der penilen Gefäßchirurgie bei erektiler Impotenz. Akt Urol 25: 133–142Google Scholar
  156. 23.
    Wagenknecht LV, Weitze KH, Hoppe LP, Krause D, Leidenberger FA, Becker H, Schütte B, Holstein AF, Schirren C (1980) New development in surgical andrology. Alloplastic spermatocele. Invest Urol 17: 432–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. 1.–11.
    Weiterführende Literatur (▹ S. 68)Google Scholar
  158. 12.
    Aprikian AG, Cordon-Cardon C, Fair WR, Reuter VE (1992) Characterization of neuroendocrine differentiation in human benign prostate and prostatic adenocarcinoma. Cancer 71: 3935–3965Google Scholar
  159. 13.
    Aumüller G (1989) Morphologic and regulatory aspects of prostatic function. Anat Embryol 179: 519–531PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 14.
    Aumüller G (1992) BPH und Wachstumsfaktoren. Urologe 31: 159–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 15.
    Aumüller G, Goebel HW, Bacher M, Eicheler W, Rausch U (1993) Aktuelle morphologische und funktionelle Aspekte der Prostata. Verh Ges Pathol 77: 1–18Google Scholar
  162. 16.
    Bonkhoff H, Remberger K (1996) Differentiation pathways and histogenetic aspects of normal and abnormal prostatic growth: a stem cell model. Prostate 28: 98–106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. 17.
    Bostwick DG, Brawer MK (1987) Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and early invasion in prostatic cancer. Cancer 59: 187–661Google Scholar
  164. 18.
    Bostwick DG (1992) High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. The most likely precursor of prostate cancer. Cancer 75: 1823–1836Google Scholar
  165. 19.
    Bostwick DG, Amin MB, Dunndore P, Marsh W, Schultz DS (1993) Architectural patterns of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Hum Pathol 24: 298–301PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. 20.
    Bostwick DG, Srigley J, Grignon D et al. (1993) Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of the prostate: Morphologic criteria for its distinction from well-differentiated carcinoma. Hum Pathol 24: 819–832PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. 21.
    Brawer MK (1992) Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia: A premalignant lesion. Hum Pathol. 23: 242–248PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. 22.
    Denholm SW, Webb JN, Howard CCW, Chisholm GD (1992) Basaloid carcinoma of the prostate gland: Histogenesis and review of the literature. Histopathol 20: 151–155Google Scholar
  169. 23.
    Devaray LT, Bostwick DG (1992) Atypical basal cell hyperplasia of the prostate. Am J Surg Pathol 17: 645–649Google Scholar
  170. 24.
    Dhom G (1990) Unusual prostatic carcinomas. Path Res Pract 186: 28–36PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. 25.
    Dhom G, Degro S (1982) Therapy of prostatic cancer and histopathologic follow-up. The Prostate 3: 531–542PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. 26.
    Epstein JI (1994) Adenosis vs atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of the prostate. Am J Surg Pathol 18: 1070–1071PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. 27.
    Epstein JI, Hutchins GM (1984) Granulomatous prostatitis. Distinction among allergic, nonspecific and posttransurethral resection lesions. Hum Pathol 15: 815–818Google Scholar
  174. 28.
    Gaudin PB, Epstein JI (1994) Adenosis of the prostate. Histologic features in transurethral resection specimens. Am J Surg Pathol 18: 863–870PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. 29.
    Gleason DF (1992) Histologic grading of prostate cancer: A perspective. Hum Pathol 23: 273–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. 30.
    Grignon DJ, Ro JY, Ordonez NG, Ayala AG, Cleary KR (1988) Basal cell hyperplasia, adenoid basal cell tumors, and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the prostate gland. An immunohistochemical study. Hum Pathol 19: 1245–1433Google Scholar
  177. 31.
    Guerrin D, Hasan N Keen CE (1993) Signetring cell differentiation in adenocarcinoma of the prostate: a study of five cases. Histopathol 22: 367–371Google Scholar
  178. 32.
    Hardeman SW, Soloway MS (1988) Transitional cell carcinoma of the prostate: diagnosis, staging and management. World J Urol 6: 170–174Google Scholar
  179. 33.
    Harrison SH, Seale-Hawkins C, Schum CW, Dunn JK, Scardino PT (1992) Correlation between side of palpable tumor and side of pelvic lymph node metastasis in clinically localized prostate cancer. Cancer 69: 750–754PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. 34.
    Hedrick L, Epstein JI (1989) Use of keratin 903 as an adjunct in the diagnosis of prostate carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol 13 (5): 389–396PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. 35.
    Helpap B ( 1991 a) Atypical hyperplasia, intraepithelial neoplasia and incidental carcinoma of the prostate. In: Altwein JE, Faul P, Schneider W (eds) Incidental carcinoma of the prostate. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S74–91Google Scholar
  182. Helpap B (1991 b) Morphologie des Prostatakarzinoms; Histopathologie. In: Ackermann R, Altwein JE, Faul P (Hrsg) Aktuelle Therapie des Prostatakarzinoms. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, S 11–42Google Scholar
  183. 37.
    Helpap B (1992) Grading and prognostic significance of urologie carcinomas. Urol Int 48: 245–257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. 38.
    Helpap B (1992) Pathologie der chronischen unspezifischen Prostatitis. In: Vahlensick W, Rutishauser G (Hrsg) Benigne Prostatopathien. Thieme, Stuttgart, S35–50Google Scholar
  185. 39.
    Helpap B (1992) Pathologie der benignen Prostatahyperplasie (BPH). In: Vahlensick W, Rutishauser G (Hrsg) Benigne Prostatopathien. Thieme, Stuttgart, S 86–100Google Scholar
  186. 40.
    Helpap B (1993) Future directions in research of prostate car- 56. cinoma. Pathol Res Pract 189: 497–509PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. 41.
    Helpap B, Koch V (1991) Histological and immunohistochemical findings of prostatic carcinoma after external or interstitial radiotherapy. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 117: 608–614PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. 42.
    Helpap B, Bostwick DG, Montironi R (1995) The significance 57. of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AHH) and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) for the development of prostate carcinoma. An update. Virchows Arch 426: 425–434 58.Google Scholar
  189. 43.
    Helpap B, Oehler U, Bollmann R (1990) Das endokrin differenzierte Prostatakarzinom. Histologie und Immunhistologie. 59. Pathologe 11: 18–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. 44.
    Helpap B, Böcking A, Dhom G et al. (1985) Klassifikation, histologisches und zytologisches Grading sowie Regressions- 60. grading des Prostatakarzinoms. Eine Empfehlung des pathologisch-urologischen Arbeitskreises „Prostatakarzinom“. Pathologe 6: 3–7 61.Google Scholar
  191. 45.
    Hermanek P, Sobin LH (1992) TMN classification of malignant tumours UICC, 5th edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  192. 46.
    Hohbach CH, Dhom G (1980) Die granulomatöse Prostatitis. 62. Eine klinische und pathoanatomische Differentialdiagnose des Prostatakarzinoms. Verh Dtsch Ges Pathol 64: 244–349Google Scholar
  193. 47.
    Huland H (1991) Morphologische Grundlagen zur radikalen 63. Prostatektomie. Urologe (A) 30: 361–369Google Scholar
  194. 48.
    Kastendieck H (1993) Die Pathologie des Prostatakarzinoms: Neue Wege zum Verständnis seiner Entwicklung und biologi- 64. schen Wertigkeit. Verh Dtsch Pathol 77: 40–69Google Scholar
  195. Kastendieck H, Helpap B (1989) Prostatic dysplasia/atypical hyperplasia. Terminology, pathobiology, and significance. 65. Urology (Suppl)34: 28–42Google Scholar
  196. 50.
    McNeal JE (1989a) Normal histology of the prostate. Am J Surg Pathol 12: 619–633 66.Google Scholar
  197. 51.
    McNeal JE, Redwine EA, Freiha FS, Stamey TA (1988) Zonal distribution of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Correlation with histologic pattern and direction of spread. Am J Surg Pathol 12: 897–906PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. 52.
    McNeal JE, Villers A, Redwine EA, Freiha FS, Stamey TA. (1990) Histologic differentiation, cancer volume, and pelvic lymph node metastasis in adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Cancer 66: 1225–1233 68.Google Scholar
  199. 53.
    McNeal JE, Villers A, Redwine EA, Freiha FS, Stamey TA (1991) Microcarcinoma in the prostate. Its association with duct-acinar dysplasia. Hum Pathol 22: 644–652 69.Google Scholar
  200. 54.
    Meister P, Heidi G (1991) Postoperative Spindelzellknoten der Harnblase und der Prostata. Pathologe 12: 214–219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. 55.
    Montironi R, Scarpelli M, Maggi Galluzzi C, Diamanti L. (1992) Aneuploidy and nuclear features of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). J Cell Biochem Suppl 16H: 47–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. 56.
    Montironi R, Muzzonigro G, Maggi Galluzzi C et al. (1994) Effect of LHRH antagonist and flutamide (combination endocrine therapy) on the frequency and location of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and apoptotic bodies in prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol Pathol 2: 161–171Google Scholar
  203. 57.
    Mostofi F; Sesterhenn IA, Davis CH J (1992) Prostatic carcinoma: Problems in the interpretation of prostatic biopsies. Hum Pathol 23: 223–241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. 58.
    Mostofi FK, Sesterhenn IA, Davis jr CY (1993) A pathologist’s view of prostatic carcinoma. Cancer 71: 906–932PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. 59.
    Mostofi FK, Sesterhenn IA, Sobin LH (1980) Histological typing of prostate tumours. International histological classification of tumours. No. 22. World Health Organisation, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  206. 60.
    Müller HA, Altenähr E, Böcking A et al (1980) Über Klassifikation und Grading des Prostatakarzinoms. Verh Dtsch Ges Path 64: 609–611Google Scholar
  207. 61.
    Nagele RB, Petein M, Brawer M, Bowden GT, Cress AG (1992) New relationships between prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and prostatic carcinoma. J Cell Biochem Suppl 16 H: 26–29Google Scholar
  208. 62.
    Nazeer T, Barada IH, Fischer HAG, Ross JS (1991) Prostatic carcinosarcoma. Case report and review of literature. J Urol 146: 1370–1373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. 63.
    Sant Agnese PA (1992) Neuroendocrine differentiation in carcinoma of the prostate. Diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. Cancer 70: 254–268Google Scholar
  210. 64.
    Sakamoto N, Tsuneyoshi M, Enjoji M (1991) Sklerosing adenosis of the prostate. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis. Am J Surg Pathol 15: 660–667PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. 65.
    Sar M, Lubahn DB, French FS, Wilson EM (1990) Immunohistochemical localisation of the androgen receptor in rat and human tissues. Endocrinology 127: 3180–3186PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. 66.
    Sesterhenn IA, Becker RL, Avallone FA, Mostofi FK, Lin TH, Davis jr CL (1991) Image analysis of nucleoli and nucleolar organizer regions in prostatic hyperplasia, intraepithelial neoplasia and prostatic carcinoma. Urogenit Pathol 1: 61–75Google Scholar
  213. 67.
    Stamey FA (1990) Die Rolle des prostataspezifischen Antigens bei der Diagnose und Behandlung des Prostataadenokarzinoms. Urologe (A)29: 52–64Google Scholar
  214. 68.
    Waring PM, Newland RC (1992) Prostatic embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in adults. A clinicopathologic review. Cancer 69: 755–762PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. 69.
    Wernert N, Goebbels R, Bonkhoff H, Dhom G (1990) Squamous cell carcinoma of the prostate. Histopathology 17: 229–244Google Scholar
  216. 70.
    Wood DP, Montie JE, Pontes JE, Medendorp SV, Levin HS (1989b) Transitional cell carcinoma of the prostate in cytoprostatectomy specimens removed for bladder cancer. J Urol 141: 346–349Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Städtler
  • B. Helpap

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations