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Bakterielle Meningitis, Hirnabszeß und spinale Abszesse

  • H.-W. Pfister
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Inzidenz der akuten bakteriellen (eitrigen) Meningitis wird auf 5 (bis 10) Fälle/100 000 Einwohner/Jahr geschätzt. Im Jahre 1997 wurden in Deutschland 809 Erkrankungsfälle einer Meningokokkenmeningitis gemeldet (0,99 Erkrankungen/100 000 Einwohner; Robert-Koch-Institut, Epidemiologisches Bulletin 10/98); die Letalität lag bei 7%. Die Mehrzahl der untersuchten Stämme von Neisseria meningitidisgehörten zur Serogruppe B (70% der Isolate im Jahre 1997). Im jahreszeitlichen Verlauf zeigte sich ein charakteristischer Gipfel der Meningokokkenmeningitiden in den Wintermonaten; 38% der Erkrankungsfälle traten von Januar bis März auf.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

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  • H.-W. Pfister

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