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Extra- und transkranielle Sonographie

  • G. Becker
  • W. Müllges
  • K. Engelhard
  • E. B. Ringelstein

Zusammenfassung

Die Neurosonologie ist als diagnostische und Monitoringmethode in der neurologischen Intensivmedizin unentbehrlich. Mit ihr können die hirnversorgenden und hirneigenen Arterien, zerebrale Sinus und Venen, das Hirnpa-renchym und das Ventrikelsystem untersucht werden. Die zur Verfügung stehenden Methoden sind in Übersicht 13-1 dargestellt.

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Weiterführende Literatur

Literatur zu Unterkap. 3: „Extrakranielle Doppler-und Farbduplexsonographie“

  1. Blakeley DD, Oddone HZ, Hasselblad V et al. (1995) Noninvasive carotid artery testing. A metaanalytic review. Ann Intern Med 122:360–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Literatur zu Unterkap. 4 und 5: „Transkranielle Doppler-und Farbduplexsonographie“

  1. Bogdahn U, Becker G, Schlachetzki F (1998) Echosignalverstärker und transkranielle Farb-duplex-Sonographie. Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
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Literatur zu Unterkap. „Funktionelle Dopplersonographie“

  1. Aaslid R, Lindegaard KF, Sorteberg W, Nornes H (1989) Cerebral autoregulation dynamics in humans. Stroke 20:45–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Klingelhöfer, Bartels E, Ringelstein EB (1997) New trends in cerebral hemodynamics and neurosonology. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
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  5. Yonas H, Smith HA, Durham SR et al. (1993) Increased stroke risk predicted by compromised cerebral blood flow reactivity. J Neurosurg 79:483–489.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Emboliedetektion

  1. Consensus Committee (1994) Basic identification criteria of Doppler microembolic signals. Stroke 25:1123.Google Scholar
  2. Georgiadis D, Mallinson A, Grosset DG, Lees KR (1994) Coagulation activity and embolie counts in patients with prosthetic cardiac valves. Stroke 25:1211–1216.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Grosset DG, Georgiadis D, Abdullah I et al. (1994) Doppler embolic signals vary according to stroke subtype. Stroke 25:382–384.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Markus H, Droste DW, Brown MM (1994) Detection of asymptomatic cerebral embolie signals with Doppler ultrasound. Lancet 343:1011–1012.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Spencer MP (1997) Transcranial Doppler monitoring and causes of stroke from carotid end-arterectomy. Stroke 28:685–691.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Becker
  • W. Müllges
  • K. Engelhard
  • E. B. Ringelstein

There are no affiliations available

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