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Knowledge Representation and the Learning Process: Taking Account of Developmental Features and Support Features in Interactive Learning Environments

  • M. M. A. Valcke
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 116)

Abstract

Extending the learning and teaching environment with computers, multimedia, control technology, … enhances the possibilities to incite multiple and varying knowledge representations for knowledge categories from learners. Especially the development of interactive learning environments (e.g. control technology) looks appealing since, in this way, we can help learners to develop actively a large and rich variety of knowledge representations. This can help learners to get access to complex knowledge categories. At the theoretical level, this enrichment can be founded by referring to developmental psychological theories and recent constructivistic, cognitive theories of knowledge acquisition. This article elaborates this theoretical base. But this elaboration also puts forward a set of conditions in the educational setting. The latter is especially true if we pursue a gradual integration of multiple knowledge representations towards more comprehensive schemes or structures. This introduces a section in this article on doubts about the optimistic expectations that active learning and constructing personal knowledge representations is a straightforward result of learning in interactive learning environments. Guidelines are therefore put forward which educators have to take into account, and also the quality of the environment offered is discussed in this context. This critical section is followed by the elaboration of two examples that illustrate better practice. We finish the article by elaborating the remarkable parallelism between the discussion about interactive learning environments and science education.

Keywords

Interactive learning environments knowledge representations control technology 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. A. Valcke
    • 1
  1. 1.Open University, Centre for Educational Technology and InnovationThe Netherlands

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