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Haare pp 73-498 | Cite as

Krankheitsbilder

  • Ralph M. Trüeb
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Zusammenfassung

Während die häufigsten Alopezien (Zustand der erworbenen Haarverminderung an Stellen, die normalerweise behaart sind) mit genetischem Hintergrund die androgenetische Alopezie und die Alopecia areata sind, bei denen eine polygene Vererbung bzw. eine immungenetische Prädisposition angenommen werden, besteht eine Reihe seltener, genetisch bedingter Atrichien (Zustand der Haarlosigkeit) und Hypotrichosen (Zustand der verminderten Behaarung) mit mendelscher Vererbung, deren zugrunde liegende Gendefekte bisher nur in wenigen Fällen identifiziert wurden und die sich überdies oft durch eine Pleiotropie mit weiteren Anomalien, z. B. im Rahmen von Ektodermaldysplasien, auszeichnen (Tab. 5.1).

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