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Sex differences are present in the endocrine functions and behavior of all vertebrates. These differences are especially well delineated in the reproductive behavior of both genders. It has been suggested that functional differences between males and females are connected with sexual dimorphism in the morphology of the central nervous system (CNS). During recent decades, studies in this field revealed significant sex differences in various structures of the CNS. Among them are structures that are directly related to the control of reproductive functions, as well as grey and white matter elements, which take part in the control of other functions.
KeywordsAndrogen Receptor Sexual Dimorphism Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide Reproductive Behavior Sexual Differentiation
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