Variational methods in relativistic quantum mechanics: new approach to the computation of Dirac eigenvalues
The main goal of this paper is to describe some new variational methods for the characterization and computation of the eigenvalues and the eigenstates of Dirac operators. Our methods are all based on exact variational principles, both of min-max and of minimization types. The minimization procedure that we introduce is done in a particular set offunctions satisfying a nonlinear constraint. Finally, we present several numerical methods that we have implemented in particular cases, in order to construct approximate solutions of that minimization problem.
KeywordsDirac Operator Rayleigh Quotient Relativistic Quantum Mechanic Finite Basis Minimax Principle
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