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Mechanische Schädigungen

  • Winfried Mohr
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

„Wenn man ein flüchtiges Bild der nichtentzündlichen Gelenkerkrankungen, der Arthrosen also, während des Verlaufs der Geschichte skizzieren will, kann man zwei Entdeckungen herausstellen:
  • Sie haben zu allen Zeiten existiert.

  • Sie teilen sich zwischen der Wirbelsäule und dem Rest des Skeletts in einem Verhältnis auf, das sich mit den Epochen wandelt. Während sie bei den prähistorischen Menschen vornehmlich die Wirbelsäule betreffen, nehmen die anderen Gelenkerkrankungen anteilsmäßig ständig zu, wenn man unserer eigenen Zeit entgegengeht“ [106]. Als Erklärung wird angegeben: Die Lebenserwartung prähistorischer Menschen betrug 30 Jahre (vgl. S. 308), eine ausreichende Zeit „für die Entfaltung von Spondylosen, nicht aber für andere chronische Gelenkveränderungen“. Zur Frage, warum prähistorische Menschen „die doch nach allgemeiner Ansicht ein, gesundes einfaches4 Leben geführt haben, mit reichhaltiger körperlicher Bewegung, mit häufiger zu Fuß durchgeführter Ortsveränderung und Tätigkeiten an der frischen Luft“ Wirbelsäulenschäden entwickelten, wird angegeben, dass sie Folge der vorwiegend sitzenden Lebensweise waren.

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Zu Abschnitt 13.1

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Winfried Mohr
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität Ulm Abt. PathologieUlmGermany

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