Properties and Biological Significance of Natural Oxide Films on Titanium and Its Alloys

  • Marcus Textor
  • Caroline Sittig
  • Vinzenz Frauchiger
  • Samuele Tosatti
  • Donald M. Brunette
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


This chapter covers information on the composition, microstructure and physico-chemical properties of thin oxide films on titanium and titanium alloys. The focus is on thin layers in the sense of ‘natural’ oxide films grown at ambient or higher temperatures with emphasis on titanium oxide, with some selected additional information on oxides related to metals commonly used as alloying elements in titanium alloys for biomedical applications. This chapter does not, however, include thicker oxide films such as those produced by electrochemical or plasma techniques, which are covered in Chap. 8.


Oxide Film Calcium Phosphate Simulated Body Fluid Pure Titanium Titanium Oxide Surface 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcus Textor
    • 1
  • Caroline Sittig
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vinzenz Frauchiger
    • 1
  • Samuele Tosatti
    • 1
  • Donald M. Brunette
    • 3
  1. 1.Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH)Department of Materials, Laboratory for Surface Science and TechnologyZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut Straumann AGWaldenburgSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Oral Biological and Medical SciencesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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