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Wear of Titanium 6–4 Alloy in Laboratory Tests and in Retrieved Human Joint Replacements

  • Harry A. McKellop
  • Tord Rostlund
  • Edward Ebramzadeh
  • Augusto Sarmiento
Chapter
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)

Abstract

During the period from 1975 to 1985, a variety of joint replacement prostheses were introduced clinically that included a bearing surface of titanium-6% alumi-num-4% vanadium alloy (Ti-6A1-4V) articulating against an acetabular component of ultra-high molecular weight (UHMW) polyethylene. Hip prostheses included the STH, the DF-80, the Six Ti-28 and the Six Ti-32 (Zimmer, Inc. Warsaw, IN), the Stanmore (Zimmer GB), the ES-30 (Biomet, Inc., Warsaw, IN) and the APR (Intermedics, Inc., Austin, TX). Titanium alloy knee prostheses included the Miller/Galante (Zimmer) and the Natural Knee (Intermedics). The suitability of this combination of bearing materials was initially questioned because, in some laboratory wear tests, titanium alloy underwent severe abrasive-corrosive wear, characterized by extensive scoring of the metal surface and the release of large amounts of finely divided metallic particles that blackened the opposing polymer and the lubricant [1-8].

Keywords

Titanium Alloy Wear Rate Acetabular Component Cement Mantle PMMA Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry A. McKellop
    • 1
  • Tord Rostlund
    • 2
  • Edward Ebramzadeh
    • 1
  • Augusto Sarmiento
    • 3
  1. 1.The J. Vernon Luck Center for Orthopaedic ResearchLos Angeles Orthopaedic HospitalLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Handicap Research, Biomaterials GroupGöteborg UniversityGöteborgSweden
  3. 3.The Arthritis and Joint Replacement InstituteCoral GablesUSA

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