Titanium for Hip and Knee Prostheses

  • Markus Windler
  • Ralf Klabunde
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


The large-scale use of titanium and its alloys for orthopaedic applications began in the early 1970s in England (clinical use of the first low-stress implant application such as heart-valve parts made of pure titanium actually dates back to the mid 1950s). Due to an increasing number of clinical reports of fatigue fractures of the cast stem as well as proximal bone resorption due to the excessively stiff CoCr stems, interest in the more elastic and higher-strength titanium alloys grew rapidly in Europe and North America in the second half of the 1970s. Corrosion and bio-compatibility tests have proved the excellent compatibility of titanium and its alloys with the body, showing that they can be recommended as materials for endoprostheses intended to remain permanently inside the human body [6,45,134, 156].


Titanium Alloy Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene Bone Ingrowth Knee Prosthesis Cement Mantle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Windler
    • 1
  • Ralf Klabunde
    • 1
  1. 1.Sulzer Orthopedics Ltd.WinterthurSwitzerland

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