Advertisement

Milestones in Plastid Genetics of Higher Plants

  • Rudolf Hagemann
Chapter
Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 63)

Abstract

Many biological disciplines have developed gradually from speculations and accidental findings, over systematic observations and investigations to well-aimed experiments. In retrospect, it often seems impossible to define exactly the historical starting point of a scientific discipline. Consequently, there are different opinions as to the date when a new field was opened up.

Keywords

Sperm Cell Plastid Genome Editing Site Plastid Gene Euglena Gracilis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson S, Bankier AT, Barrell BG, DeBruijn MHL, Coulson AR, Drouin J, Eperon IC, Dierlich DP, Roa BA, Sanger F, Schreier PH, Smith AJH, Sraden R, Young IG (1981) Sequence and organisation of the human mitochrondrial genome. Nature 290:457–465PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Baur E (1909) Das Wesen und die Erblichkeitsverhältnisse der “Varietates albomargina- tae hort.” von Pelargonium zonale. Z Indukt Abstammungs- Vererbungsl 1:330–351Google Scholar
  3. Baur E (1910a) Vererbungs- und Bastardierungsversuche mit Antirrhinum. Z Indukt Abstammungs- Vererbungsl 3:34–98Google Scholar
  4. Baur E (1910b) Untersuchungen über die Vererbung von Chromatophorenmerkmalen bei Melandrium t Antirrhinum und Aquilegia. Z Indukt Abstammungs- Vererbungsl 4:81–102Google Scholar
  5. Baur E (1911) Einführung in die experimentelle Vererbungslehre, 1. Aufl. Gebrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. Baur E (1919) Einführung in die experimentelle Vererbungslehre, 3. Aufl. Gebrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  7. Beletski YD, Razoriteleva EK, Zhdanov Y A (1969) Cytoplasmic mutations in sunflower, induced by N-Nitrosomethylurea. Dokl Acad Nauk SSSR 186:1425–1426Google Scholar
  8. Benne R, Van den Burg J, Brakenhoff J, Sloof P, Van Boom JH, Tromp MC (1986) Major transcript of the frameshifted coxll from trypanosome mitochondria contains four nucleotides that are not encoded in the DNA. Cell 46:819–826PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Bock R (1998) Analysis of RNA editing in plastids. Methods: A Companion to Methods in Enzymology 15:75–83PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Bock R (2000) Sense from nonsense: how the genetic information of chloroplasts is altered by RNA editing. Biochimie (Paris) 82:549–557Google Scholar
  11. Bock R (2001) RNA editing in plant mitochondria and chloroplasts. In: Bass BL (ed) RNA editing. Frontiers in molecular biology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 38–60Google Scholar
  12. Bock R, Hagemann R (2000) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics: manipulation of plastid genomes and biotechnological applications. Prog Bot 61:76–90Google Scholar
  13. Bock R, Koop H-U (1997) Extraplastidic site-specific factors mediate RNA editing in chloroplasts. EMBO J 16:3282–3288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Bock R, Hagemann R, Kössel H, Kudla J (1993) Tissue-specific and stage-specific modulation of RNA editing of the psbF and psbL transcript from spinach plastids — a newregulatory mechanism? Mol Gen Genet 247:439–443Google Scholar
  15. Bock R, Hermann M, Kössel H (1996) In vivo dissection of cis-acting determinants for plastid RNA editing. EMBO J 15:5052–5059PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Bock R, Kössel H, Maliga P (1994) Introduction of a heterologous editing site into the tobacco plastid genome: The lack of RNA editing leads to a mutant phenotype. EMBO J 13:4623–4628PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Bock R, Albertazzi F, Freyer R, Fuchs M, Ruf S, Zeitz P, Maier RM (1997) Transcript editing in chloroplasts of higher plants. In: Schenk HEA, Herrmann R, Jeon KW, Müller NE, Schwemmler W (eds) Eukaryotism and symbiosis. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 123–137Google Scholar
  18. Börner T, Hess W (1993) Altered nuclear, mitochondrial and plastid gene expression in white barley cells containing ribosome-deficient plastids. In: Kück U, Brennicke A (eds) Plant Mitochondria. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim, pp 207–220Google Scholar
  19. Börner T, Schumann B, Hagemann R (1976) Biochemical studies on a plastid ribosome-deficient mutant of Hordeum vulgare. In: Bücher T, Neupert W, Sebald W, Werner S (eds) Genetics and biogenesis of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 331–338Google Scholar
  20. Börner T, Mendel RR, Schiemann J (1986) Nitrate reductase is not accumulated in chlo-roplast-ribosome deficient mutants of higher plants. Planta 169:202–207Google Scholar
  21. Boynton J, Gillham NW, Harris EH, Hosier JP, Johnson AM, Jones AR, Randolph-Anderson BL, Robertson D, Klein TM, Shark KB, Sanford JC (1988) Chloroplast transformation in Chlamydomonas with high velocity microprojectiles. Science 240:1534–1538PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Boynton J, Gillham NW, Newman SM, Harris EH (1992) Organelle genetics and transformation of Chlamydomonas. In: Herrmann RG (ed) Cell organelles. Springer, Wien New York, pp 3–64Google Scholar
  23. Bradbeer JW, Atkinson YE, Börner T, Hagemann R (1979) Cytoplasmic synthesis of plastid polypeptides may be controlled by plastid-synthesized RNA. Nature 279:816–817Google Scholar
  24. Carrer H, Hockenberry TN, Svab Z, Maliga P (1993) Kanamycin resistance as a selectable marker for plastid transformation in tobacco. Mol Gen Genet 241:49–56PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Chaudhuri S, Maliga P (1996) Sequences directing C to U editing of the psbL mRNA are located within a 22 nucleotide segment spanning the editing site. EMBO J 15:5956–5964Google Scholar
  26. Chaudhuri S, Maliga P (1997) New insights into plastid RNA editing. Trends Plant Sei 2:5–6Google Scholar
  27. Clauhs RP, Grun P 1977) Changes in plastid and mitochondrion content during maturation of generative cells of Solanum (Solanaceae). Am J Bot 64:377–383Google Scholar
  28. Correns C (1909a) Vererbungsversuche mit blaß(gelb)grünen und buntblättrigen Sippen bei Mirabilis jalapa, Urtica pilulifera und Lunaria annua. Z Indukt Abstammungs-Vererbungsl 1:291–329Google Scholar
  29. Correns C (1909b) Zur Kenntnis der Rolle von Kern und Plasma bei der Vererbung. Z Indukt Abstammungs- Vererbungsl 2:331–340Google Scholar
  30. Correns C (1922) Vererbungsversuche mit buntblättrigen Sippen. VI. Einige neue Fälle von Albomaculatio. Sitzungsber Preuß Akad Wiss 33:460–471Google Scholar
  31. Correns C (1928) Über nichtmendelnde Vererbung. Z Indukt Abstammungs Vererbungsl Suppl 1:131–168Google Scholar
  32. Correns C, von Wettstein F (ed) (1937) Nicht mendelnde Vererbung. Handbuch der Vererbungswissenschaft, Bd. II H, Gebrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  33. Corriveau JS, Coleman AW (1988) Rapid screening method to detect potential biparental inheritance of plastid DNA and results for over 200 angiosperm species. Am J Bot 75:1443–1458Google Scholar
  34. Covello PS, Gray MW (1989) RNA editing in plant mitochondria. Nature 341:662–666PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Cypriani G, Testolin R, Morgante M (1995) Paternal inheritance of plastids in interspecific hybrids of the genus Actinidia revealed by PCR-amplification of chloroplast DNA fragments. Mol Gen Genet 247:693–697Google Scholar
  36. Dahlgren KVO (1925) Die reziproken Bastarde zwischen Geranium bohemicum L. und seiner Unterart deprehensum Erik Almq. Hereditas 6:237–256Google Scholar
  37. Döbel P, Hagemann R (1963) Elektronenmikroskopischer Nachweis echter Mischzellen bei Antirrhinum majus status albomaculatus. Biol Zentralbl 82:749–751Google Scholar
  38. Edelman M, Schiff JA, Epstein HT (1965) Studies of chloroplast development in Euglena. XII. Two types of satellite DNA. J Mol Biol 11:769–774PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Epp M (1973) Nuclear gene-induced plastome mutations in Oenothera hookeri. I. Genetic analysis. Genetics 75:465–483PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Epp M, Parthasarthy MV (1987) Nuclear gene-induced plastome mutations in Oenothera hookeri. II. Phenotype description with electron microscopy. Am J Bot 74:143–151Google Scholar
  41. Fischer N, Stampacchia O, Redding K, Rochaix J-D (1996) Selectable marker recycling in the chloroplast. Mol Gen Genet 251:373–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Funaoka S (1924) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Anatomie panaschierter Blätter. Biol Zentralbl 44:343–384Google Scholar
  43. Gillham NW (1978) Organelle heredity. Raven Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  44. Gillham NW (1994) Organelle genes and genomes. Oxford Univ Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  45. Goulds T, Maliga P, Koop H-U (1993) Stable plastid transformation in PEG-treated protoplasts of Nicotiana tabacum.Bio/Technology 11:95–97Google Scholar
  46. Gordon KHJ, Crouse EJ, Bohnert HJ, Herrmann RG (1982) Physical mapping of differences in chloroplast DNA of the five wild-type plastomes in Oenothera subsection Euoenothera. Theoret Appl Genet 61:373–384Google Scholar
  47. Gray MW (1993) Origin and evolution of organelle genomes. Curr Opin Genet Dev 3:884–890PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Gualberto JM, Lamattina L, Bonnard G, Weil JH, Grienenberger JM (1989) RNA editing in wheat mitochondria results in the conservation of protein sequences. Nature 341:660–662PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Hagemann R (1958) Somatische Konversion bei Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Z Verer-bungsl 89:587–613Google Scholar
  50. Hagemann R (1960) Das Vorkommen von Mischzellen bei einer Gaterslebener Herkunft des Status albomaculatus von Antirrhinum majus L. Kulturpflanze 8:168–184Google Scholar
  51. Hagemann R (1961) Über die Mischungsverhältnisse in Mischzellen des Status albomaculatus von Antirrhinum majus L. Kulturpflanze 9:163–170Google Scholar
  52. Hagemann R (1964) Plasmatische Vererbung. Gustav Fischer Verlag, JenaGoogle Scholar
  53. Hagemann R (1965) Advances in the field of plastid inheritance in higher plants. In: Geerts SJ (ed) Genetics today. Proc XI Int Congr Genetics, The Hague, vol 3. Pergamon Press, London, pp 613–625Google Scholar
  54. Hagemann R (1966) Extrachromosomale Vererbung. Fortschr Bot 28, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 202–216Google Scholar
  55. Hagemann R (1968) Extrachromosomale Vererbung. Fortschr Bot 30, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 225–241Google Scholar
  56. Hagemann R (1976) Plastid distribution and plastid competition in higher plants and the induction of plastom mutations by Nitroso-urea-compounds. In: Bücher T, Neupert W, Sebald W, Werner S (eds) Genetics and biogenesis of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 331–338Google Scholar
  57. Hagemann R (1979) Genetics and molecular biology of plastids of higher plants. Stadler Genetics Symp (Univ Missouri, Columbia) 11:91–116Google Scholar
  58. Hagemann R (1982) Induction of plastome mutations by nitroso-urea-compounds. In: Edelman M, Hallick RB, Chua N-H (eds) Methods in chloroplast molecular biology. Elsevier Biomedical Press, Amsterdam, pp 119–127Google Scholar
  59. Hagemann R (1986) A special type of nucleus-plastid-interactions: nuclear gene induced plastome mutations. In: Akoyunoglou G, Senger H (eds) Regulation of chloroplast differentiation. AR Liss, New York, pp 455–466Google Scholar
  60. Hagemann R (1990) Molecular basis of plastome mutations and their effects on photosynthesis. In: Baltscheffsky M (ed) Current research in photosynthesis, vol 3. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 429–436Google Scholar
  61. Hagemann R (1992) Plastid genetics in higher plants. In: Herrmann RG (ed) Cell organelles. Springer, Wien, New York, pp 65–96Google Scholar
  62. Hagemann R (1993a) Neuere molekulare und cytologische Aspekte der Piastiden-Genetik. Biol Zentralbl 112:244–287Google Scholar
  63. Hagemann R (1993b) Studies towards a genetic and molecular analysis of paramutation at the sulfurea locus of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. In: Yoder J (ed) Molecular biology of tomato. Technomic Publ Co Inc, Lancaster, PA, pp 75–82Google Scholar
  64. Hagemann R (2000) Erwin Baur (1875–1933). Pionier der Genetik und Züchtungsforschung. Seine wissenschaftlichen Leistungen und ihre Ausstrahlung auf Genetik, Biologie und Züchtungsforschung von heute. Verlag R Kovar, EichenauGoogle Scholar
  65. Hagemann R, Börner T (1979) Genetische, cytologische und molekularbiologische Analyse der Piastiden höherer Pflanzen. Wiss Z Univ Halle 28:49–60Google Scholar
  66. Hagemann R, Börner T (1981) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 43:159–173Google Scholar
  67. Hagemann R, Hagemann MM (1994) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 55:260–275Google Scholar
  68. Hagemann R, Lindenhahn M (1983) Induction of plastome mutants in Oenothera by nitroso-methyl-urea (NMU). Proc XV Int Congr Genetics, New Delhi, Part I Abstr 506. Oxford and IBH Publ Co, New Delhi, p 293Google Scholar
  69. Hagemann R, Metzlaff M (1983) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 45:212–227Google Scholar
  70. Hagemann R, Scholz F (1962) Ein Fall geninduzierter Mutationen des Plasmotypus bei Gerste. Züchter 32:50–59Google Scholar
  71. Hagemann R, Schroeder M-B (1985) New results about the presence of plastids in generative and sperm cells of Gramineae. In: Sexual reproduction in seed plants, ferns and mosses. PUDOC, Wageningen, pp 53–55Google Scholar
  72. Hagemann R, Schroeder M-B (1989) The cytological basis of the plastid inheritance in angiosperms. Protoplasma 153:57–64Google Scholar
  73. Hagemann R, Börner T, Herrmann F, Knoth R (1974) The use of plastome and gene mutants of higher plants in studying the genetic control of plastid development and function. Ontogenes (Moskwa) 5:273–283 (in Russian with English Summary)Google Scholar
  74. Hagemann R, Lindenhahn M, Metzlaff M (1985) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 47:208–227Google Scholar
  75. Hagemann R, Hagemann MM, Metzlaff M (1987) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 49:245–262Google Scholar
  76. Hagemann R, Hagemann MM, Metzlaff M (1989) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 51:238–250Google Scholar
  77. Hagemann R, Bock R, Hagemann MM (1996) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 57:197–217Google Scholar
  78. Hagemann R, Hagemann MM, Bock R (1998) Extranuclear inheritance: plastid genetics. Prog Bot 59:108–129Google Scholar
  79. Hager M, Biehler K, Illerhaus J, Ruff S, Bock R (1999) Targeted inactivation of the smallest plastid genome-encoded open reading frame reveals a novel and essential subunit of the cytochrome b 6 f complex. EMBO J 18:5834–5842PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Hallick RB, Hong L, Drager RG, Favreau MR, Montfort A, Orsat B, Spielmann A, Stutz E (1993) Complete sequence of Euglena gracilis chloroplast DNA. Nucleic Acids Res 21:3537–3544PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Harris EH, Burkhart GD, Gillham NW, Boynton JE (1989) Antibiotic resistance mutations in the chloroplast 16 S and 23 S rRNA genes of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: correlation of genetic and physical maps of the chloroplast genome. Genetics 123:281–292PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Hedtke B, Börner T, Weihe A (1997) Mitochondrial and chloroplast phage-type RNA polymerase in Arabidopsis. Science 277:809–811PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Hedtke B, Wagner I, Börner T, Hess WR (1999) Inter-organellar crosstalk in higher plants: impaired chloroplast development affects mitochondrial gene and transcript levels. Plant J 19:635–643PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Hedtke B, Börner T, Weihe A (2000) One RNA polymerase serving two genomes. EMBO Rep 1:435–440PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Hentrich W, Beger B (1974) Untersuchungen über die mutagene Effizienz von N-Nitroso-N-Methylharnstoff bei Saintpaulia ionantha H. Wendl. Arch Züchtungsf 4:29–43Google Scholar
  86. Herbst W (1935) Über Kreuzungen in der Gattung Hypericum mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Buntblättrigkeit. Flora 129:235–259Google Scholar
  87. Hermann M, Bock R (1999) Transfer of plastid RNA-editing activity to novel sites suggests a critical role for spacing in editing-site recognition. Proc Natl Acad Sei USA 96:4856–4861Google Scholar
  88. Herrmann F (1971a) Struktur und Funktion der genetischen Information in den Plas-tiden. II. Untersuchung der photosynthesedefekten Plastommutante (en:)alba-l von Antirrhinum majus L. Photosynthetica 5:258–266Google Scholar
  89. Herrmann F (1971b) Genetic control of pigment-protein complexes I and la of the plastid mutant en:alba-l of Antirrhinum majus. FEBS Lett 19:267–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Herrmann F, Hagemann R (1971) Struktur und Funktion der genetischen Information in den Piastiden. III. Genetik, Chlorophylle und Photosyntheseverhalten der Plastommutante “Mrs. Pollock” und der Genmutante “Cloth of Gold” von Pelargonium zonale. Biochem Physiol Pflanz (BPP) 162:390–409Google Scholar
  91. Herrmann F, Matorin D, Timofeev K, Börner T, Rubin AB, Hagemann R (1974) Structure and function of the genetic information in plastids. IX. Studies on primary reactions of photosynthesis in plastome mutants of Antirrhinum majus and Pelargonium zonale having impaired photosynthesis. Biochem Physiol Pflanz (BPP) 165:393–400Google Scholar
  92. Herrmann F, Schumann B, Börner T, Knoth R (1976) Struktur und Funktion der genetischen Information in den Piastiden. XI. Die plastidalen Lamellarproteine der photosynthesedefekten Piastommutanten en:gil-l (“Mrs. Pollock”) und der Genmutante “Cloth of Gold” von Pelargonium zonale Ait. Photosynthetica 10:164–171Google Scholar
  93. Herrmann FH, Börner T, Hagemann R (1980) Biosynthesis of thylakoids and the membrane-bound enzyme systems of photosynthesis. In: Reinert J (ed) Chloroplasts. Results and problems in cell differentiation, vol 10. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 147–177Google Scholar
  94. Herrmann RG (ed) (1992) Cell Organelles. Springer Verlag Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  95. Herrmann RG, Maier RM (2000) Chloroplast thylakoid membranes. A paradigm for biogenetic and evolutionary complexity. In: Yunus M, Pathre U, Mohanty P (eds) Probing Photosynthesis. Mechanisms, regulation and adaptation. Taylor & Francis, London, pp 127–147Google Scholar
  96. Herrmann RG, Possingham JV (1980) Plastid DNA — The Plastome. In: Reinert J (ed) Chloroplasts. Results and problems in cell differentiation, vol 10. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 45–96Google Scholar
  97. Herrmann RG, Seyer P, Schedel R, Gordon K, Bisanz C, Winter P, Hildebrandt JW, Wlaschek M, Alt J, Driesel AJ, Sears BB (1980) The plastid chromosomes of several dicotyledons. In: Bücher T, Sebald W, Weiss (eds) Biological chemistry of organelle formation. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 97–112Google Scholar
  98. Hess W, Börner T (1999) Organellar RNA polymerases of higher plants. Int Rev Cytol 190:1–59PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Hess W, Prombona A, Fieder B, Subramanian AR, Börner T (1993) Chloroplast rpsl5 and the rpoB/Cl/C2 gene cluster are strongly transcribed in ribosome-deficient plastids: evidence for a functioning non-chloroplast-encoded RNA polymerase. EMBO J 12:563–571PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Hiesel R, Wissinger B, Schuster W, Brennicke A (1989) RNA editing in plant mitochondria. Science 246:1632–1634PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Hoch B, Maier RM, Appel K, Igloi GL, Kössel H (1991) Editing of a chloroplast mRNA by creation of an initiation codon. Nature 353:178–180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Hosticka LP, Hanson MR (1984) Induction of plastid mutations in tomatoes by nitro-somethylurea. J Hered 75:242–246Google Scholar
  103. Hübschmann T, Börner T (1998) Characterization of transcript initiation sites in ribosome-deficient plastids. Plant Mol Biol 36:493–496PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Hupfer H, Swiatek M, Hornung S, Herrmann RG, Maier RM, Chiu W-L, Sears B (2000) Complete nucleotide sequence of the Oenothera elata plastid chromosome, representing plastome I of the five distinguishable Euoenothera plastomes. Mol Gen Genet 263:581–585PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Johnston SA, Anziano PQ, Shark K, Sanford JC, Butow RA (1988) Mitochondrial transformation in yeast by bombardment with microprojectiles. Science 240:1538–1541PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Kirk JTO (1963) The deoxyribonucleic acid of broad bean chloroplasts. Biochem Biophys Acta 76:417–424Google Scholar
  107. Kirk JTO (1971) Will the real chloroplast DNA please stand up? In: Boardman NK, Linnane W, Smillie RM (eds) Autonomy and biogenesis of mitochondria and chloroplasts. Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 267–276Google Scholar
  108. Kirk JTO (1986) The discovery of chloroplast DNA. Bio Essays 4:36–38Google Scholar
  109. Kirk JTO, Tilney-Bassett RAE (1967) The Plastids. Their chemistry, structure, growth and inheritance. WH Freeman, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  110. Kirk JTO, Tilney-Bassett RAE (1978) The Plastids. Their chemistry, structure, growth and inheritance, 2nd edn. Elsevier/North-Holland, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  111. Koop H-U, Steinmüller K, Wagner H, Rößler C, Eibl C, Sacher L (1996) Integration of foreign sequences into tobacco plastome via polyethylene glycol-mediated protoplast transformation. Planta 199:193–201PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Kowallik KV (1992) Origin and evolution of plastids from chlorophyll a+c containing algae: suggested ancestral relationships to red and green algal plastids. In: Lewin RA (ed) Origins of plastids. Chapman and Hall, New York, pp 223–263Google Scholar
  113. Kowallik KV (1994) From endosymbionts to chloroplasts: evidence for a single pro-karyotic/eukaryotic endocytobiosis. Endocytobiosis Cell Res 10:137–149Google Scholar
  114. Kowallik KV, Stroebe B, Schaffran I, Kroth-Pancic P, Freier U (1995) The chloroplast genome of a chlorophyll a+c-containing alga, Odontella sinensis. Plant Mol Biol Rep 13:336–342Google Scholar
  115. Kudla J, Igloi G, Metzlaff M, Hagemann R, Kössel H (1992) RNA editing in tobacco chloroplasts leads to the formation of a translatable psbL messenger RNA by a C to U substitution within the initiation codon. EMBO J 11:1099–1103PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Leff J, Mandel M, Epstein HT, Schiff JA (1963) DNA satellites from cells of green and aplastidic algae. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 13:126–130Google Scholar
  117. Maas S, Rich A (2000) Changing genetic information through RNA editing. Bio Essays 22:790–802Google Scholar
  118. Maier RM, Zeitz P, Kössel H, Bonnard G, Gualberto JM, Grienenberger JM (1996) RNA editing in plant mitochondria and chloroplast. Plant Mol Biol 32:343–365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Maly R, Wild A (1956) Ein cytologischer Beitrag zur “Entmischungstheorie” verschiedener Piastidensorten. Z Indukt Abstammungs- Vererbungsl 87:493–496Google Scholar
  120. Maliga P (1993) Towards plastid transformation in flowering plants. Trends Biotechnol 11:101–107Google Scholar
  121. Maliga P, Carrer H, Kanevski I, Staub JM, Svab Z (1993) Plastid engineering in land plants: a conservative genome is open to change. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 342:203–208Google Scholar
  122. Martinez-Zapater JM, Gil P, Capel J, Somerville CR (1992) Mutations at the Arabidopsis CHM locus promote rearrangements of the mitochondrial genome. Plant Cell 4:889–899PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Masoud SA, Johnson LB, Sorensen EL (1990) High transmission of paternal plastid DNA in alfalfa plants demonstrated by restriction fragment polymorphic analysis. Theor Appl Genet 79:49–55Google Scholar
  124. Maxam AM, Gilbert W (1977) A new method for sequencing DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74:560–564PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Mcintosh L, Poulsen C, Bogorad L (1980) Chloroplast gene sequence for the large subunit of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase of maize. Nature 288:556–560Google Scholar
  126. Metzlaff M, Pohlheim F, Börner T, Hagemann R (1982) Hybrid variegation in the genus Pelargonium. Curr Genet 5:245–249Google Scholar
  127. Mogensen HL (1988) Exclusion of male mitochondria and plastids during syngamy in barley as a basis for maternal inheritance. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 85:2594–2597PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Morgan TH (1919) The physical basis of heredity. JB Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  129. Morgan TH (1921). Die stoffliche Grundlage der Vererbung. (Übersetz. H Nachtsheim). Gebrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  130. Noack KL (1931) Über Hypericum-Kreuzungen. I. Die Panaschüre der Bastarde zwischen Hypericum acutum Moench und Hypericum montanum L. Z Indukt Abstamm- Vererbungsl 59:77–101Google Scholar
  131. Noack KL (1934) Über Hypencum-Kreuzungen. IV. Die Bastarde zwischen Hypericum acutum Moench, montanum L, quadrangulum L, hirsutum L und pulchrum L. Z Bot 28:1–71Google Scholar
  132. Ohba K, Iwakawa M, Ohada Y, Murai M (1971) Paternal transmission of a plastid anomaly in some reciprocal crosses of Suzi, Cryptomeria japonica D. Don. Silvae Genet 210:101–107Google Scholar
  133. Ohyama K, Fukuzawa H, Kohchi T, Shirai H, Sano T, Sano S, Umesono K, Shiki Y, Takeuchi M, Chang Z, Aota S-I, Inokuchi H, Ozeki H (1986) Chloroplast gene organization deduced from complete sequence of liverwort Marchantia polymorpha chloroplast DNA. Nature 322:572–574Google Scholar
  134. O’Neill C, Horvath GV, Horvath E, Dix PJ, Medgyesy P (1993) Chloroplast transformation in plants: polyethylene glycol (PEG) treatment of protoplasts is an alternative to bio- listic delivery systems. Plant J 3:729–738PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Palmer JD (1985) Comparative organization of chloroplast genomes. Annu Rev Genet 19:325–354PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Pohlheim F (1974) Nachweis von Mischzellen in variegaten Adventivsprossen von Saint-paulia, entstanden nach Behandlung isolierter Blätter mit N-Nitroso-N-Methylharn- stoff. Biol Zentralbl 93:141–148Google Scholar
  137. Pohlheim F (1986) Hybrid variegation in crosses between Pelargonium zonale (L.) l’Herit.ex Ait. and Pelargonium inquinans (L.) l’Herit.ex Ait. Plant Breed 97:93–96Google Scholar
  138. Pohlheim F, Beger B (1974) Erhöhung der Mutationsrate im Piastom bei Saintpaulia ionantha H. Wendl. Biochem Physiol Pflanz 169:377–383Google Scholar
  139. Powell LM, Wallis SC, Pease RJ, Edwards YH, Knott TJ, Scott J (1987) A novel form of tissue-specific RNA processing produces apolipoprotein-B48 in intestine. Cell 50:831–840PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Ray DS, Hanawalt PC (1964) Properties of the satellite DNA associated with the chloro- plasts of Euglena gracilis. J Mol Biol 9:812–824PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Redei GP (1973) Extrachromosomal mutability determined by a nuclear gene locus in Arabidopsis. Mutat Res 18:149–162Google Scholar
  142. Redei G, Plurad SB (1973) Hereditary structural alterations of plastids induced by a nuclear gene in Arabidopsis. Protoplasma 77:361–380Google Scholar
  143. Reith M (1995) Molecular biology of rhodophyte and chromophyte plastids. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 46:549–575Google Scholar
  144. Reith M, Munholland J (1995) Complete nucleotide sequence of the Porphyra purpurea chloroplast genome. Plant Mol Biol Rep 13:333–335Google Scholar
  145. Renner O (1922) Eiplasma und Pollenschlauchplasma bei den Oenotheren. Z Indukt Abstammungs- Vererbungsl 27:235–237Google Scholar
  146. Renner O (1924) Die Scheckung der Oenotherenbastarde. Biol Zentralbl 27:309–336Google Scholar
  147. Renner O (1929) Artbastarde bei Pflanzen. Handbuch der Vererbungswissenschaft, Bd. IIA. Gebrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  148. Renner O (1934) Die pflanzlichen Piastiden als selbständige Elemente der genetischen Konstitution. Ber Verhandl Sachs Akad Wiss Leipzig Math-phys Kl 86:241–266.Google Scholar
  149. Renner O (1936) Zur Kenntnis der nichtmendelnden Buntheit der Laubblätter. Flora 130:218–290.Google Scholar
  150. Renner O (1937) Zur Kenntnis der Piastiden- und Plasmavererbung. Cytologia (Tokyo) Fuji Jub vol, Pars II, pp 644–653Google Scholar
  151. Ris H, Plaut W (1962) Ultrastructure of DNA-containing areas in the chloroplast of Chlamydomonas. J Cell Biol. 13:383–391PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. Rochaix J-D (1992) Post-transcriptional steps in the expression of chloroplast genes. Annu Rev Cell Biol 8:1–28PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Ruhland W, Wetzel K (1924) Der Nachweis von Chloroplasten in generativen Zellen von Pollenschläuchen. Ber Dtsch Bot Ges 42:3–14Google Scholar
  154. Ruf S, Kössel H, Bock R (1997) Targeted inactivation of a tobacco intron-containing open reading frame reveals a novel chloroplast-encoded photosystem I related gene. J Cell Biol 139:95–102PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Ruf S, Biehler K, Bock R (2000) A small chloroplast-encoded protein as a novel architectural component of the light-harvesting antenna. J Cell Biol 149:369–377PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Russel SD (1984) Ultrastructure of the sperm cell of Plumbago zeylanica. II. Quantitative cytology and three-dimensional organization. Planta 162:385–391Google Scholar
  157. Russel SD (1987) Quantitative cytology of the egg and central cell of Plumbago zeylanica and its impact on cytoplasmic inheritance patterns. Theor Appl Genet 74:693–699Google Scholar
  158. Russel SD (1992) Double fertilization. Int Rev Cytol 140:357–388Google Scholar
  159. Sanger F, Midden S, Coulson AR (1977) DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74:5463–5467PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Sager R, Ishida MR (1963) Chloroplast DNA in Chlamydomonas. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 50:725–730PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Schaffner C (1995) Molekulargenetische und physiologische Untersuchungen an photo-synthesedefizienten Piastommutanten von Antirrhinum majus L. Diss, Math-Nat Tech Fak, Martin-Luther-Univ HalleGoogle Scholar
  162. Schaffner C, Laasch H, Hagemann R (1995) Detection of point mutations in chloroplast genes of Antirrhinum majus L. I. Identification of a point mutation in the psaB gene of a photosystem I plastome mutant. Mol Gen Genet 249:533–544PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Schötz F (1958) Periodische Ausbleichungserscheinungen des Laubes bei Oenothera. Planta 43:182–240Google Scholar
  164. Schuster G, Bock R (2001) Editing, polyadenylation and degradation of mRNA in the chloroplast. In: Andersson B, Aro E-M (eds) Advances in Photosynthesis. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 121–136Google Scholar
  165. Schroeder M-B (1986) Ultrastructural studies on plastids of generative and vegetativecells in Liliaceae. 4. Plastid distribution during generative cell maturation in Conval-laria majalis L. Biol Zentralbl 105:427–433Google Scholar
  166. Schwarz Z, Kössel H (1980) The primary structure of the 16 S rDNA from lea mays chloroplast is homologous to E. coli 16 S rRNA. Nature 283:739–742Google Scholar
  167. Schwemmle J (1940) Piastidenmutationen bei Eu-Oenotheren. Z Indukt Abstammungs- Vererbungsl 75:358–800Google Scholar
  168. Schwemmle J (1943) Piastiden und Genmanifestation. Flora 137:81–72Google Scholar
  169. Schwemmle J, Haustein E, Sturm A, Binder M (1938) Genetische und zytologische Untersuchungen an Eu-Oenotheren, Teil I — VI. Z Indukt Abstamm- Vererbungsl 73:358–800Google Scholar
  170. Sears BB, Sokalski MB (1991) The Oenothera plastome mutator: effect of UV irradiation and nitroso-methyl-urea on mutation frequencies. Mol Gen Genet 229:245–252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Shinozaki K, Ohme M, Tanaka M, Wakasugi T, Hayashida N, Matsubayashi T, Zaita N, Chunwongse J, Obokata J, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Ohto, C, Torazawa K, Meng B-Y, Sugita M, Deno H, Kamogashira T, Yamada K, Kusuda J, Takaiwa F, Kato A, Tohdoh N, Shimada H, Sugiura M (1986) The complete nucleotide sequence of the tobacco chloroplast genome: its gene organization and expression. EMBO J 5:2043–2049PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. Siemenroth A, Wollgiehn R, Neumann D, Börner T (1981) Synthesis of ribosomal RNA in ribosome-deficient plastids of the mutant “albostrians” of Hordeum vulgare L. Planta 153:547–555Google Scholar
  173. Sikdar SR, Serino G, Chaudhuri S, Maliga P (1998) Plastid transformation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Rep 18:20–24Google Scholar
  174. Staub JM, Maliga P (1995) Expression of a chimeric uidA gene indicates that polycis- tronic mRNAs are efficiently translated in tobacco plastids. Plant J 7:845–848PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Stirewalt VL, Michalowski CB, Löffelhardt W, Bohnert H, Bryant DA (1995) Nucleotide sequence of the cyanelle genome from Cyanophora paradoxa. Plant Mol Biol Rep 13:327–332Google Scholar
  176. Stocking CR, Gifford EM (1959) Incorporation of thymidine into chloroplasts of Spirogyra. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 1:159–164Google Scholar
  177. Stubbe H (1938) Genmutation. 1. Allgemeiner Teil. Handbuch der Vererbungswissen schaft, Bd IIF. Gebrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  178. Stubbe W (1959) Genetische Analyse des Zusammenwirkens von Genom und Piastom bei Oenothera. Z Vererbungsl 90:288–298Google Scholar
  179. Stubbe W (1960) Untersuchungen zur genetischen Analyse des Piastoms von Oenothera. Z Bot 48:191–218.Google Scholar
  180. Stubbe W (1964) The role of the plastome in the evolution of the genus Oenothera. Genetica 35:28–33Google Scholar
  181. Svab Z, Maliga P (1993) High-frequency plastid transformation in tobacco by selection for a chimeric aadA gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90:913–917PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. Svab Z, Hajdukiewicz P Maliga P (1990) Stable transformation of plastids in higher plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 87:913–917Google Scholar
  183. Trebst A, Depka B, Kipper M (1990) The topology of the reaction center polypeptides of photosystem II. In: Baltscheffsky M (ed) Current research in photosynthesis, vol 1. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 217–222Google Scholar
  184. Van Went, JL, Willemse MTM (1984) Fertilization. In: Johri BM (ed) Embryology of angiosperms. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 273–317Google Scholar
  185. Vogel J, Börner T, Hess WR (1999) Comparative analysis of splicing of the complete set of chloroplast group II introns in three higher plant mutants. Nucl Acids Res 27:3866–3874PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Wells R, Birnstiel M (1967) A rapidly renaturing deoxyribonucleic component associated with chloroplast preparations. Biochem J 105:53P-54PGoogle Scholar
  187. Wild A (1958) Experimentelle Beeinflussung des Granamusters einer abweichenden Piastidensorte von Antirrhinum majus. Planta 50:379–387Google Scholar
  188. Wild A (1959) Untersuchung zweier albomakulater Linien von Antirrhinum majus auf ihr Verhalten in Teilreaktionen der Photosynthèse. Beitr Biol Pflanzen 35:137–175Google Scholar
  189. Winge Ö (1919) On the non-mendelian inheritance in variegated plants. C R Trav Labor Carlsberg 14:1–20.Google Scholar
  190. Winter P, Herrmann RG (1988) A five-base-pair-deletion in the gene for the large subunit causes the lesion in the ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase- deficient plastome mutant sigma of Oenothera hookeri. Bot Acta 101:68–75Google Scholar
  191. Wollgiehn R, Mothes K (1963) Über DNS in den Chloroplasten von Nicotiana rustica. Naturwissenschaften 50:95–96Google Scholar
  192. Wylie RB (1941) Some aspects of fertilization in Vallisneria. Am J Bot 38:419–434Google Scholar
  193. Zubko E, Scutt C, Meyer P (2000) Intrachromosomal recombination between attP regions as a tool to remove selectable marker genes from transgenes. Nat Biotechnol 18:442–445PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Hagemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Halle (Saale)Germany

Personalised recommendations