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Lentiviral Vectors for Gene Therapy of HIV-Induced Disease

  • R. G. Amado
  • I. S. Y. Chen
Chapter
  • 244 Downloads
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 261)

Abstract

In recent years, enormous advances have been made in our understanding of HIV pathogenesis and in the development of effective therapeutic strategies to combat HIV infection. Combination antiretroviral drugs can effectively reduce HIV RNA in peripheral blood and lymphoid tissue to undetectable levels (COLLIER et al. 1996; CAVERT et al. 1997). The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initially raised expectations for the possibility of complete eradication of the virus from infected individuals. However, cell-associated virus can act as a reservoir of HIV infection in quiescent cells and remain protected from the immune system and the effects of drugs (FINZI et al. 1997; LAFEUILLADE et al. 1998). This inability to eradicate the latent viral reservoir remains perhaps the most important limitation of drug therapy as a means to cure HIV infection. Other important limitations of antiretroviral drugs include the uniform eventual development of drug resistance, severe toxicity, and cumbersome schedules that hinder compliance.

Keywords

Long Terminal Repeat CD34 Positive Cell Ciency Virus Human Immunode Reporter Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Amado
    • 1
  • I. S. Y. Chen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/OncologyUCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Medicine, and UCLA AIDS InstituteUCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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