• L. S. Pinchuk
  • V. A. Goldade
  • A. V. Makarevich
  • V. N. Kestelman
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Processing book series (SSMATERIALSPROC)


Equipment for melt blowing resembles facilities for coating more than machines for plastics processing, though it includes such traditional units as extruders fitted with high precision spray heads which are manufactured by special methods comparable to jeweler’s art. That is why experiments connected with modification of precision elements of spray heads, receiving units, and other special equipment are highly expensive. So, the developers of melt blowing equipment highly rate the experience accumulated by them and this is, probably, the main reason why there is a scarcity of publications reflecting melt blowing problems in the scientific literature. Every design described in this chapter is based on know-how without which highly productive and reliable operation of equipment is improbable.


Conveyor Belt Polymer Fiber Cover Plate Auxiliary Equipment Polymer Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


Chapter 3

  1. 1.
    U.S. Patent 1818464, B 65 H 54/00. Extrusion process using a central air jet. J.C. Lan, 1989.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U.S.S.R. Patent 539610, B 05 13 1/26. A spraying device. V.A. Belyi, A.N. Belyaev, O.M. Shalobalov, et al., 1976.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    U.S.S.R. Patent 1419739, 13 05 B 7/26. A pneumatic sprayer. V.P. Shustov, T.V. Stavrova, F.D. Sidorenko, and V.A. Gorbachenko, 1988.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    U.S.S.R Patent 388918. B 44 D 1/08. A device for coating application. V.P. Shustov, V.A. Belyi. T.V. Stavrova, and V.P. Stavrov. 1973.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    U.S.S.R. Patent 1209306. B 05 B 3/12. A device for polymer melt spraying. V.P. Sbustov, T.V. Stavrova. and V.A. Gorbachenko, 1986.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    U.S.S.R. Patent 699055. D 04 H 3/00. A device for polymer melt spraying. V.P. Shustov, T.V. Stavrova, and N.M. Klimashevich. 1979.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Poland Patent 161651, C O3 B 37/06. A device for plastics dibpersion. A. Patrin, J. Dragnla, B. Nadgorsky, et al., 1993.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    U.S. Patent 3825380, B 29 F 3/04. Melt blowing die for proclucing nonwoven mats. J.W. Harding, J.P. Keller. and R.R. Buntin, 1972.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    U.S. Patent 4720250. B 28 B 5/00. Slotted melt-blown die head. D.W. Appel, A.D. Drost, and J.C. Lan, 1988.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    U.S. Patent 4986743, B 29 C 47/30, D 01 D 5/08. Melt blowing die. P.C. Buehning, 1991.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    U.S. Patent 4526733, B 29 F 3/04. Melt-blown die and method. J.C. Lau, 1985.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    U.S. Patent 5196207, B 29 C 47/12. Melt-blown die head. R.J. Koenig, 1993.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    U.S. Patent 4380570, D 04 H 1/04. Apparatus and process for melt blowing a fiber-forming thermoplastic polymer and product produced thereby. E.C.A. Schwarz, 1983.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    U.S. Patent 5476616, B 29 C 47/30. Apparatus ancl process for uniformly melt blowing a fiber-forming thermoplastic polymer in a spinneret assembly of nlllltiple rows of spinning orifices. E.C.A. Schwarz, 1995.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Belarus Patent 1602, B 29 C 47/30. Extrusion head. L.S. Pinchuk, M.S. Semenyuk, V.A. Goldade, et al., 1997.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Belarus Patent 2021, B 29 C 47/30. Extrusion head. L.S. Pinchuk, V.A. Goldade, and A.V. Makarevich, 1998.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Belarus Patent 2341, B 29 C 47/30. Extrusion head. L.S. Pinchuk, A.V. Makarevich. and E.I. Parkalova, 1998.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Belarus Patent 3514, B 29 C 47/30. Filtering material. L.S. Pinchuk, A.V. Makarevich, and A.G. Kravtsov. 2000.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ddarus Patent 3229, B 29 C 47/30. Extrusion head. L.S. Pinchuk, A.V. Makarevich, V.A. Goldade. and V.G. Plevachuk, 2000.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    V.A. Belyi, V.A. Goldade, A.S. Neverov, and L.S. Pinchuk. Electret state of polymers in splices of inhomogeneous metals. Proc. USSR AS, 1979, Vol. 245, No. 1, pp. 132–134.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Belarus Patent 1617. B 29 C 47/20, 47/26. All extrusion head for hose polyfiler material production. L.S. Pinchuk, A.V. Makarevich, V.A. Goldade, and Yu.V. Grolllyko. 1997.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Belarus Patent 2996, B 29 C 47/30. Extrusion head. L.S. Pinchuk, A.V. Makarevich, V.A. Goldade, and A.G. Kravtsov, 2000.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Melt-Blown Production. Advert. Booklet of Biax-Fiherfilrn Corp., U.S., 1997.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    U.S.S.R. Patent 921183, B 29 C 5/04. A device for manufacturing porous artides from polymer melts. V.P. Shustov, O.M. Shalobalov, V.M. Sukhorukov, and T.V. Stavrova, 1982.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Belarus Patent 1424, B 29 C 41/08, D 04 H 1/56. A method to produce strnctural elemcnts and a device for implemcntation. L.S. Pinchuk, M.S. Semenyuk, V.A. Goldade, et al., 1996.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    U.S. Patent 4968238, B 29 C 47/92, 71/04. Apparatus for making a non-woven sheet. R.A. Satterfeld and D.M. Taylor, 1990.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Belarus Patent 418, B 29 C 41/08 and 67/20. B 29 K 105/04, B 29 L 23/00. A device to mold pipes from thermoplastic material. F.D. Sidorenko, A.V. Sikanevich, V.F. Gaiduk. and Yu.I. Gorbachev, 1994.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    U.S. Patent 4847125. F 16 L 11/02. Tube of oriented, heat shrunk, melt-blown fibers. E.C.A. Schwarz. 1989.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    U.S. Patent 4223059, B 29 C 17/02, D 04 H 3/12. D O6 C 3/06. Process and product thereof for stretching a non-woven web of an orientable polymeric fiber. E.C.A. Schwarz. 1980.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Belarus Patellt 1592. B 29 C 41/08. D 04 H 1/56. A device to produce fibrous nonwoven materials. L.S. Pinchuk, A.V. Makarevich. and V.A. Goldade. 1997.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. Beyreutler H. Brunig, and R. Vogel, Melt-spinning (polymer formation under high stress conditions). Polymeric Alatcrials Encyclopedia. Vol. 6, Boca Raton, Florida, CHC Press. 1996. pp. 4061–4074.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Germany Patent Application 3744657. D 04 H, D 01 D 5/088. A method and apparatus for spinning nonwoven material from sYnthetic fibers. V. Andreevsky, M. Honke, and K. Max, 1988.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    U.S. Patent 5186879. B 29 C 47 / 88. Spinning process for producing high strength, high modulus, low shrinkage yarns. H.L. Griffith. 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. S. Pinchuk
    • 1
  • V. A. Goldade
    • 1
  • A. V. Makarevich
    • 1
  • V. N. Kestelman
    • 2
  1. 1.V. A. Belyi Metal-Polymer Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of BelarusGomelBelarus
  2. 2.KVN International Inc.King of PrussiaUSA

Personalised recommendations