The effects of female employment status on the presence and number of children

  • Adriaan S. Kalwij
Part of the Population Economics book series (POPULATION)


The main concern of this paper is to analyze the effects of female employment status on the presence and number of children in households in the Netherlands. For this purpose a hurdle count data model is formulated and estimated by the generalized method of moments. The hurdle takes explicitly into account the interrelationship between female employment status and timing of first birth. The number of children, once children are present in the household, is modeled conditional on female employment status. The empirical results show that female employment status is a major determinant of the presence and number of children in households: employed women schedule children later in life and have fewer children compared to non-employed women, holding educational attainment constant. After controlling for female employment status, the educational attainment of both the woman and the man in the households are found to have relatively small effects on the presence and number of children.


Hurdle count data model fertility female employment 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriaan S. Kalwij
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Economics and StatisticsUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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