GeosensorBase: Integrating and Managing Huge Number of Heterogeneous Sensors Using Sensor Adaptors and Extended SQL Querying

  • Min Soo Kim
  • Chung Ho Lee
  • In Sung Jang
  • Ki-Joune Li
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8470)


Recently, there has been much interest in observing sensor readings ranging from network cameras to small wireless sensor nodes. Sensor web is integrating such sensor readings and providing tremendous volumes of real-time sensor data. OGC SWE, Microsoft SenseWeb, and Oak Ridge National Lab Sensorpedia are the most representative sensor web platform providing sensor data service. However, the existing platforms have some problems to build real-world application services. The first problem is heterogeneity of sensors. The real-world services may need to integrate various kinds of sensors. Some smart sensors that support web service can be easily integrated with the sensor web platform. However, most sensors provide their readings using their own ways such as TCP/IP. The integration of such sensors consumes high cost in time and money. The second problem is that the existing platforms only support some limited query operations of simple filtering. However, in real-world services, it is expected that various kinds of flexible query operations become more and more necessary to efficiently find out the sensor readings of interest. Therefore, we propose a GeosensorBase system that can easily integrate heterogeneous sensors and can support flexible user requests. Specifically, we propose efficient sensor data management methods and an extended query processor. Finally, in order to verify the advantages of the GeosensorBase, we demonstrate a prototype for environmental monitoring and a test bed for smart city monitoring. We think the GeosensorBase can not only dramatically reduce the costs and the efforts consumed in new sensor integration, but also can support powerful query processing capabilities which are suitable for various kinds of sensor applications. So, we argue that the GeosensorBase gives great help to developers of sensor applications.


Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Observation Service (SOS) Sensor Planning Service (SPS) Sensor Web GeoWeb Geosensor 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Botts, M., Percivall, G., Reed, C., Davidson, J.: OGC Sensor Web Enablement: Overview and High Level Architecture (OGC 07-165). Open Geospatial Consortium white paper (December 28, 2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nath, S., Liu, J., Zhao, F.: Sensormap for wide-area sensor webs. IEEE Computer 40(7), 90–93 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gorman, B.L., Resseguie, D.R., Tomkins-Tinch, C.: Sensorpedia: Information Sharing Across Incompatible Sensor Systems. In: 2009 International Symposium on Collaborative Technologies and Systems, pp. 32–39 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bonnet, P., Gehrke, J., Seshadri, P.: Towards Sensor Database Systems. In: Tan, K.-L., Franklin, M.J., Lui, J.C.-S. (eds.) MDM 2001. LNCS, vol. 1987, pp. 3–14. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Madden, S., Franklin, M.J., Hellerstein, J.M.: TinyDB: An Acquisitional Query Processing System for Sensor Networks. ACM TODS 30(1), 122–173 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim, M., Lee, Y.J., Ryou, J.C.: COSMOS: A Middleware for Integrated Data Pro-cessing over Heterogeneous Sensor Networks. ETRI Journal 30(5), 696–706 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heinzelman, W., Murphy, A., Carvalho, H., Perillo, M.: Middleware to Support Sensor Network Applications. IEEE Network Magazine Special Issue 18(1), 6–14 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, S., Son, S.H., Stankovic, J.A.: Event Detection Services Using Data Service Middleware in Distributed Sensor Networks. In: Zhao, F., Guibas, L.J. (eds.) IPSN 2003. LNCS, vol. 2634, pp. 502–517. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Demirbas, M., Ferhatosmanoglu, H.: Peer-to-Peer Spatial Queries in Sensor Networks. In: 3rd International Conference on Peer-to-Peer Computing, pp. 32–39 (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Soheili, A., Kalogeraki, V., Gunopulos, D.: Spatial Queries in Sensor Networks. In: 14th ACM International Workshop on Geographic Information Systems, pp. 61–70 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kim, M.S., Son, J.H., Kim, J.W., Kim, M.H.: Energy-Efficient Distributed Spatial Query Processing in Wireless Sensor Networks. IEICE Transaction on Information and Systems  E93-D(6), 1447–1458 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Demirbas, M., Lu, X.: Distributed Quad-Tree for Spatial Querying in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: IEEE International Conference on Communications, pp. 3325-3332 (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meka, A., Singh, A.: DIST: A Distributed Spatio-temporal Index Structure for Sensor Networks. In: ACM CIKM, pp. 139–146 (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lee, C.K., Zheng, B., Lee, W., Winter, J.: Materialized In-Network View for Spatial Aggregation Queries in Wireless Sensor Network. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 62(5), 382–402 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sharifzadeh, M., Shahabi, C.: Supporting Spatial Aggregation in Sensor Network Databases. In: 12th ACM International Workshop on Geographic Information Systems, pp. 166–175 (2004)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kim, M.S., Kim, J.W., Kim, M.H.: Hybrid Spatial Query Processing between a Server and a Wireless Sensor Network. IEICE Transaction on Information and Systems E93-D(8), 2306–2310 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Na, A., Priest, M.: OpenGIS Sensor Observation Service (OGC 06-009r6), Open Geospatial Consortium Inc. (October 26, 2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Simonis, I.: OpenGIS Sensor Planning Service Implementation Specification (OGC 07-014r3). Open Geospatial Consortium Inc. (August 2, 2007)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Huang, C.-Y., Liang, S., Xu, Y.: A Sensor Data Mediator Bridging the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) and the OASIS Open Data Protocol (OData). In: Liang, S.H.L., Wang, X., Claramunt, C. (eds.) W2GIS 2013. LNCS, vol. 7820, pp. 129–146. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min Soo Kim
    • 1
  • Chung Ho Lee
    • 1
  • In Sung Jang
    • 1
  • Ki-Joune Li
    • 2
  1. 1.Spatial Information Research LaboratoryETRIDaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Department of Computer EngineeringPusan National UniversityPusanKorea

Personalised recommendations