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Impact of Herbicide Tolerant Crops on Soil Health and Sustainable Agriculture Crop Production

  • Sanghun LeeEmail author
  • D. E. Clay
  • S. A. Clay
Chapter
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 67)

Abstract

Genetically modified (GM) crops and conservation tillage adoption can have individual, combined, and synergistic impacts on agricultural systems. The objective of this chapter is to evaluate the impacts of these technologies on the environment and economic returns. Worldwide, GM crop adoption is increasing because these crops help simplify farm management, reduce production costs, and improve pest control. A review and meta-analysis of the scientific literature indicated: (1) that even though current herbicide tolerant and non-GM isolines have similar yields, profitability for farmers increased when herbicide tolerant isolines were used and (2) conservation tillage and GM crop adoption are linked. The combined adoption of both technologies reduced agricultural impacts on the environment and often improved soil and water quality. Soil quality improvements have been associated with reduced tillage, decreased erosion, and increased carbon sequestration, whereas water quality improvements are associated with greater post-emergent herbicide use that limit soil exposure and subsequent runoff. Additional benefits from using GM crops may include increased food production and soil resilience. Challenges associated with growing GM crops include the development of resistant pests, which can be minimized by following best management practices.

Keywords

Soil Organic Carbon Genetically Modify Genetically Modify Crop Conservation Tillage Maximum Contaminant Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Researcher at National Institute of Crop ScienceIksanKorea
  2. 2.South Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA

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